Preoperative Sequential Portal and Hepatic Vein Embolization in Patients with Hepatobiliary Malignancy View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2015-08-25

AUTHORS

Shin Hwang, Tae-Yong Ha, Gi-Young Ko, Dong-Il Kwon, Gi-Won Song, Dong-Hwan Jung, Myung-Hwan Kim, Sung-Koo Lee, Sung-Gyu Lee

ABSTRACT

BackgroundPreoperative portal vein embolization (PVE) induces shrinkage of the embolized lobe and compensatory regeneration in the non-embolized lobe, but does not always induce sufficient regeneration of the future remnant liver (FRL). We previously developed preoperative sequential PVE–hepatic vein embolization (HVE), and here we present our experience of treating 42 patients with sequential PVE–HVE.MethodsDuring 8-year study period, preoperative PVE–HVE was performed on 42 patients with hepatobiliary malignancies.ResultsPrimary diseases were bile duct cancers [perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (n = 33) and diffuse bile duct cancer (n = 1)], hepatocellular carcinomas (n = 4), and intrahepatic tumors [intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (n = 3) and gallbladder cancer liver invasion (n = 1)]. These patients demonstrated insufficient FRL regeneration following PVE, thus HVE was performed to induce further regeneration. No PVE–HVE procedure-associated complications occurred. In the bile duct cancer group, FRL volume was 33.9 ± 2.2 % before PVE, 38.4 ± 1.5 % before HVE, 43.7 ± 2.1 % at surgery, and 73.6 ± 8.3 % at 2 weeks after right hepatectomy. The degree of FRL hypertrophy was 13.3 % after PVE, 28.9 % after PHV–HVE, and 117.1 % at 2 weeks after right hepatectomy. All patients except one recovered uneventfully after surgery, and the 3-year patient survival rate was 45.1 %. In the HCC group, transarterial chemoembolization was initially performed and FRL regeneration following PVE–HVE occurred very slowly. Active FRL regeneration occurred in the liver tumor group, but rapid tumor growth was observed in 1 of 4 patients.ConclusionThe sequential application of HVE following PVE safely and effectively induces further FRL regeneration in non-cirrhotic livers. Further validation using larger patient population and multicenter studies is needed to reliably widen the indications. More... »

PAGES

2990-2998

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00268-015-3194-2

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00268-015-3194-2

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006996363

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26304608


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