The Effect of Doppler Ultrasound on Early Vascular Interventions and Clinical Outcomes After Liver Transplantation View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2014-12

AUTHORS

Hannah Lee, Chae-Won Lim, Seok Ha Yoo, Chang-Hoon Koo, Woo-Il Kwon, Kyung-Suk Suh, Ho Geol Ryu

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: During the immediate postoperative period after liver transplantation (LT), postoperative bleeding and vascular complications (stenosis, thrombosis) are the two most common complications that require therapeutic decisions. Doppler ultrasound (DUS) is the established method for screening vascular patency after LT during the immediate postoperative period. The objective of our study was to evaluate the impact of DUS performed on postoperative days (POD) 1 and 2 on early vascular interventions. METHODS: We studied 200 patients who had undergone living donor or deceased donor liver transplantation between January 2011 and March 2012. Postoperative liver DUS findings of up to POD 14, including patency of hepatic artery, portal vein, and hepatic vein, were retrieved. Patients with normal DUS findings on POD 1 and POD 2 were classified as the normal early DUS group. Patients with abnormal DUS findings at POD1 or POD2 were classified as the abnormal early DUS group. Frequency of vascular interventions was compared between the two groups. Risk factors that predict vascular interventions also were assessed. RESULTS: On POD 1 and 2, 81.5 % (163/200) had normal DUS findings and management was not altered by subsequent DUS findings. Two patients in the normal group were found to have hepatic artery dissection and hepatic vein thrombosis on routine CT on POD 7 and received vascular intervention. DUS results in the two patients were normal until POD 6, but DUS performed after the CT on POD 7 were consistent with the CT findings. Of the 37 recipients who showed abnormal DUS findings on POD 1 or 2, the DUS findings were normalized or unchanged thereafter in 33 patients and no vascular interventions were performed. Two patients underwent hepatic artery thrombectomy on POD 2, one patient required a portal vein thrombectomy on POD 1, and one patient died on POD 3 due to bleeding. The overall incidence of vascular complication requiring vascular interventions was 2.5 %. Logistic regression identified abnormal DUS findings on POD 1 or 2 as an independent risk factor of vascular complications requiring intervention. CONCLUSIONS: In LT recipients who demonstrate normal DUS findings in the first 2 postoperative days, additional DUS screening may have value only when clinically indicated. More... »

PAGES

3202-3209

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http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00268-014-2721-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00268-014-2721-x

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PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25123179


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45 schema:description BACKGROUND: During the immediate postoperative period after liver transplantation (LT), postoperative bleeding and vascular complications (stenosis, thrombosis) are the two most common complications that require therapeutic decisions. Doppler ultrasound (DUS) is the established method for screening vascular patency after LT during the immediate postoperative period. The objective of our study was to evaluate the impact of DUS performed on postoperative days (POD) 1 and 2 on early vascular interventions. METHODS: We studied 200 patients who had undergone living donor or deceased donor liver transplantation between January 2011 and March 2012. Postoperative liver DUS findings of up to POD 14, including patency of hepatic artery, portal vein, and hepatic vein, were retrieved. Patients with normal DUS findings on POD 1 and POD 2 were classified as the normal early DUS group. Patients with abnormal DUS findings at POD1 or POD2 were classified as the abnormal early DUS group. Frequency of vascular interventions was compared between the two groups. Risk factors that predict vascular interventions also were assessed. RESULTS: On POD 1 and 2, 81.5 % (163/200) had normal DUS findings and management was not altered by subsequent DUS findings. Two patients in the normal group were found to have hepatic artery dissection and hepatic vein thrombosis on routine CT on POD 7 and received vascular intervention. DUS results in the two patients were normal until POD 6, but DUS performed after the CT on POD 7 were consistent with the CT findings. Of the 37 recipients who showed abnormal DUS findings on POD 1 or 2, the DUS findings were normalized or unchanged thereafter in 33 patients and no vascular interventions were performed. Two patients underwent hepatic artery thrombectomy on POD 2, one patient required a portal vein thrombectomy on POD 1, and one patient died on POD 3 due to bleeding. The overall incidence of vascular complication requiring vascular interventions was 2.5 %. Logistic regression identified abnormal DUS findings on POD 1 or 2 as an independent risk factor of vascular complications requiring intervention. CONCLUSIONS: In LT recipients who demonstrate normal DUS findings in the first 2 postoperative days, additional DUS screening may have value only when clinically indicated.
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