Trauma Care and Case Fatality during a Period of Frequent, Violent Terror Attacks and Thereafter View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2012-09

AUTHORS

Avraham I. Rivkind, Rony Blum, Irena Gershenstein, Yael Stein, Shula Coleman, Yoav Mintz, Gideon Zamir, Elihu D. Richter

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: From September 1999 through January 2004 during the second Intifada (al-Aqsa), there were frequent terror attacks in Jerusalem. We assessed the effects on case fatality of introducing a specialized, intensified approach to trauma care at the Hebrew University-Hadassah Hospital Shock Trauma Unit (HHSTU) and other level I Israeli trauma units. This approach included close senior supervision of prehospital triage, transport, and all surgical procedures and longer hospital stays despite high patient-staff ratios and low hospital budgets. Care for lower income patients also was subsidized. METHODS: We tracked case fatality rates (CFRs) initially during a period of terror attacks (1999-2003) in 8,127 patients (190 deaths) at HHSTU in subgroups categorized by age, injury circumstances, and injury severity scores (ISSs). Our comparisons were four other Israeli level I trauma centers (n = 2,000 patients), and 51 level I U.S. trauma centers (n = 265,902 patients; 15,237 deaths). Detailed HHSTU follow-up continued to 2010. RESULTS: Five-year HHSTU CFR (2.62 %) was less than half that in 51 U.S. centers (5.73 %). CFR progressively decreased; in contrast to a rising trend in the US for all age groups, injury types, and ISS groupings, including gunshot wounds (GSW). Patients with ISS > 25 accounted for 170 (89 %) of the 190 deaths in HHSTU. Forty-one lives were saved notionally based on U.S. CFRs within this group. However, far more lives were saved from reductions in low CFRs in large numbers of patients with ISS < 25. CFRs in HHSTU and other Israeli trauma units decreased more through the decade to 1.9 % up to 2010. CONCLUSIONS: Sustained reductions in trauma unit CFRs followed introduction of a specialized, intensified approach to trauma care. More... »

PAGES

2108-2118

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00268-012-1637-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00268-012-1637-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052985950

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22588239


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48 schema:description BACKGROUND: From September 1999 through January 2004 during the second Intifada (al-Aqsa), there were frequent terror attacks in Jerusalem. We assessed the effects on case fatality of introducing a specialized, intensified approach to trauma care at the Hebrew University-Hadassah Hospital Shock Trauma Unit (HHSTU) and other level I Israeli trauma units. This approach included close senior supervision of prehospital triage, transport, and all surgical procedures and longer hospital stays despite high patient-staff ratios and low hospital budgets. Care for lower income patients also was subsidized. METHODS: We tracked case fatality rates (CFRs) initially during a period of terror attacks (1999-2003) in 8,127 patients (190 deaths) at HHSTU in subgroups categorized by age, injury circumstances, and injury severity scores (ISSs). Our comparisons were four other Israeli level I trauma centers (n = 2,000 patients), and 51 level I U.S. trauma centers (n = 265,902 patients; 15,237 deaths). Detailed HHSTU follow-up continued to 2010. RESULTS: Five-year HHSTU CFR (2.62 %) was less than half that in 51 U.S. centers (5.73 %). CFR progressively decreased; in contrast to a rising trend in the US for all age groups, injury types, and ISS groupings, including gunshot wounds (GSW). Patients with ISS > 25 accounted for 170 (89 %) of the 190 deaths in HHSTU. Forty-one lives were saved notionally based on U.S. CFRs within this group. However, far more lives were saved from reductions in low CFRs in large numbers of patients with ISS < 25. CFRs in HHSTU and other Israeli trauma units decreased more through the decade to 1.9 % up to 2010. CONCLUSIONS: Sustained reductions in trauma unit CFRs followed introduction of a specialized, intensified approach to trauma care.
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