Expectations and Outcomes When Moving from Open to Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy: Multivariate Analysis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2003-02

AUTHORS

Marco Barreca, Luigi Presenti, Cristina Renzi, Giuseppe Cavallaro, Andrea Borrelli, Francesco Stipa, Andrea Valeri

ABSTRACT

Various authors have suggested that laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) leads to better surgical outcomes than open surgery. The debate is still open, however, and indications and limitations of minimally invasive surgery have not been completely established. The objective of our study was to compare surgical outcomes of LA and open adrenalectomy (OA), using multivariate analysis to adjust for potential confounding factors (e.g., size of the lesion, histology). Between 1995 and June 2000 at “Careggi” Hospital in Florence, Italy patients with an indication for adrenalectomy were treated laparoscopically if the lesion was < 10 cm and there was no clinical evidence of malignancy. All 79 patients who underwent LA have been included in this study. Among 152 patients who underwent OA at “La Sapienza” University in Rome, 93 had an adrenal lesion < 10 cm and no clinical evidence of malignancy; they were selected for comparison. Multivariate analysis has been used to analyze the effect of the surgical approach (OA vs. LA) on the surgical outcome, controlling for potential confounders. Multiple logistic regression showed that there is no significant difference in intraoperative outcomes (i.e., surgical time > 2 hours, blood loss ≥ 500 ml) between patients operated on through a traditional approach and those who underwent LA. On the other hand, patients operated on laparoscopically have a significantly higher probability than the OA group of experiencing a better recovery from surgery (i.e., require less postoperative analgesics and return to normal activities earlier). The results of the present study show that, although LA does not add much benefit in terms of expected intraoperative outcomes, it dramatically speeds patients’ recovery from surgery. The two approaches are complementary and should both be integrated into the technical background of all endocrine surgeons. More... »

PAGES

223-228

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00268-002-6474-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00268-002-6474-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075246505

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12616441


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