Axillary Advancement Suture to Minimize Post-Implantation Deformity in Implant-Based Breast Reconstruction View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-10

AUTHORS

Jun Ho Lee, Chi-Ho Yeo, Kyu-Jin Chung, Taegon Kim

ABSTRACT

Patients who have undergone implant-based breast reconstruction after skin-sparing mastectomy often complain about bulging on the upper flank or inferior axillary area. This is most likely because the subcutaneous tissue layer of the upper flank, which is continuous with the breast tissue, tends to show inferolateral drooping once the subcutaneous tissue becomes loose after eliminating the breast parenchyma. In addition, one of the weaknesses of implant surgery is that implants cannot completely replace the tissue removed during skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM). This leads to the formation of a depression and a stepping effect superior and lateral to the implant on both sides. Notably, because the pectoralis major muscle is quite thin, when there is a depression around the superolateral area of the implant, it acts as a band, which then leads to tissue bulging and serious aesthetic problems. Here, we describe a simple advancement suture technique that can be used to resolve these two aesthetic problems in direct-to-implant breast reconstruction. The advancement sutures are performed after the implant and drains are inserted following SSM and before closing the incision. First, the surgeon confirms the depression in the superolateral area of the implant insertion site by redraping a skin flap lateral to the margin. If a depression is suspected, the surgeon uses forceps to pull the subcutaneous tissue in the lateral flank pocket over to the lateral border of the pectoralis major muscle, superolateral to the implant. At this point, correction of the lateral flank bulging and depression on the superolateral border is verified. If the result is not satisfactory, the surgeon may attempt advancing the subcutaneous fat from different areas; the more posterior the tissue is advanced, the better it eliminates the lateral bulging and superolateral depression. However, too much advancement may cause extra tension, potentially resulting in tearing of the tissue. A round needle is used to suture two to three stitches, before completing wound closure. By performing this simple advancement suture, we were able to successfully minimize post-implantation deformity-bulging on the lateral flank and depression at the superolateral implant margin. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 . More... »

PAGES

1007-1009

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00266-017-0919-7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00266-017-0919-7

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090307106

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28664306


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