Incidence and management of surgical site infection in the cervical spine following a transoral approach View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2022-06-30

AUTHORS

Hu Chen, Changrong Zhu, Honglei Yi, Hao Sun, Xiangyang Ma, Jianhua Wang, Kai Zhang, Fuzhi Ai, Zenghui Wu, Qingshui Yin, Qiang Tu, Hong Xia

ABSTRACT

PurposeTransoral approach can accomplish ventral decompression directly. However, surgical site infection (SSI) cannot be ignored. This paper aims to review the prevalence of infection and conduct advice for the treatment of SSI in the cervical spine following the transoral approach.MethodsA retrospective analysis of patients with SSI after transoral atlantoaxial reduction plate (TARP) surgery was performed. SSI was classified into three kinds according to the modified American CDC criteria.Results2.9% (17/581) patients who underwent TARP surgery, experienced SSI, of which five had superficial SSI (SI), eight had deep SSI (DI), and four had organ/space SSI (O/SI). The patients with SI underwent intravenous antibiotic treatment and were ultimately cured. Among the remaining 12 patients with DI and O/SI, 11 underwent reoperation for TARP system removal and subsequently one-stage posterior occipitocervical fixation, and one patient experienced infection two months post-operatively and died without receiving treatment. Among patients who underwent revision surgery, three experienced intracranial infection due to intra-operative dural tears, and continuous lumbar cerebrospinal fluid drainage and intrathecal injection of antibiotics were used as effective and appropriate treatments, with outcomes of one recovery and two deaths. All patients with SSI were begun on intravenous antibiotics with conversion to oral antibiotics.ConclusionsThe incidence of SSI was 2.9% (17/581). Adequate peri-operative preparation, early diagnosis, and appropriate treatment of SSI require further research. More... »

PAGES

2329-2337

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00264-022-05492-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00264-022-05492-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1149109983

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35773531


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