Nationwide multicenter follow-up cohort study of hip arthroplasties performed for osteonecrosis of the femoral head View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-07

AUTHORS

Seneki Kobayashi, Toshikazu Kubo, Yukihide Iwamoto, Wakaba Fukushima, Nobuhiko Sugano

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To identify modifiable factors related to post-operative dislocation and reoperation in patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) in a large cohort. METHODS: We studied 4995 hip arthroplasties: total hip arthroplasty (THA) was performed in 79% of patients; bipolar hemiarthroplasty (BP), 17%; total resurfacing arthroplasty (tRS), 3%; and hemi-resurfacing arthroplasty (hRS), 1%. A new type of BP (accounting for 49% of BPs) comprised a femoral component with a polished or smooth, small-diameter (approximately 10 mm) neck with a round or oval axial cut surface and no sharp corners. RESULTS: The infection rate was relatively low (0.56%) even though 58% of cases of ONFH were associated with systemic steroid use, a known risk factor for infection. Post-operative dislocation occurred in 4.3% of cases, with re-operation needed in 3.9%. The dislocation rate was related to surgery type: 5.2% in THA, 0.9% in BP, and 0% in tRS and hRS. Among total arthroplasties with six month or longer follow-up (3670 THAs and 159 tRSs), the risk factors for post-operative dislocation were younger (≤ 40 years) or older (≥ 62 years) age, higher body weight, posterolateral approach, and smaller prosthetic head diameter. Regarding the need for re-operation, higher body weight and surgery type were identified as risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: The relatively high dislocation rate of 5.2% in THA is a cause for concern. The identified risk factors for dislocation should be considered when selecting THA for treatment. Prosthesis survivorship in hRSs was inferior to that in BPs or THAs. Body weight also affected the survivorship of hip arthroplasties. More... »

PAGES

1661-1668

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00264-018-3980-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00264-018-3980-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103962786

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29754187


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