Equivalent results of medial and lateral parapatellar approach for total knee arthroplasty in mild valgus deformities View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-05

AUTHORS

Stanislas Gunst, Vincent Villa, Robert Magnussen, Elvire Servien, Sebastien Lustig, Philippe Neyret

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: When performing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in valgus knee deformities, a medial or lateral parapatellar approach can be performed, but the lateral approach is often considered technically more difficult. The purpose of this study was to compare intra-operative, early clinical and radiological outcomes of medial and lateral parapatellar approaches for TKA in the setting of moderate knee valgus (<10°). METHODS: We prospectively analysed 424 knees with pre-operative valgus deformity between 3° and 10° that underwent TKA over an 18-year period; 109 were treated with a medial approach and 315 with a lateral approach. Intra- and post-operative outcomes and complication rates after a minimum follow-up of one year were compared. RESULTS: Tourniquet (p = 0.25) and surgical (p = 0.62) time were similar between groups. The popliteus tendon was released more frequently in the medial-approach group (p = 0.04), while the iliotibial band was released more frequently in the lateral-approach group (p < 0.001). A tibial tuberosity osteotomy was performed more frequently in the lateral- than medial-approach group (p = 0.003). No significant differences in limb alignment (p = 0.78), or Knee Society Score (KSS) knee (p = 0.32) and function (p = 0.47) results were noted based on surgical approach, and complication rates were similar between groups (p = 0.53). CONCLUSIONS: Lateral parapatellar approach is a safe and effective surgical technique for performing TKA in moderately valgus knees. These equivalent early results are encouraging for systematic use of the lateral approach in moderately valgus knees. More... »

PAGES

945-951

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00264-015-2893-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00264-015-2893-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020846401

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26156728


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44 schema:description PURPOSE: When performing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in valgus knee deformities, a medial or lateral parapatellar approach can be performed, but the lateral approach is often considered technically more difficult. The purpose of this study was to compare intra-operative, early clinical and radiological outcomes of medial and lateral parapatellar approaches for TKA in the setting of moderate knee valgus (<10°). METHODS: We prospectively analysed 424 knees with pre-operative valgus deformity between 3° and 10° that underwent TKA over an 18-year period; 109 were treated with a medial approach and 315 with a lateral approach. Intra- and post-operative outcomes and complication rates after a minimum follow-up of one year were compared. RESULTS: Tourniquet (p = 0.25) and surgical (p = 0.62) time were similar between groups. The popliteus tendon was released more frequently in the medial-approach group (p = 0.04), while the iliotibial band was released more frequently in the lateral-approach group (p < 0.001). A tibial tuberosity osteotomy was performed more frequently in the lateral- than medial-approach group (p = 0.003). No significant differences in limb alignment (p = 0.78), or Knee Society Score (KSS) knee (p = 0.32) and function (p = 0.47) results were noted based on surgical approach, and complication rates were similar between groups (p = 0.53). CONCLUSIONS: Lateral parapatellar approach is a safe and effective surgical technique for performing TKA in moderately valgus knees. These equivalent early results are encouraging for systematic use of the lateral approach in moderately valgus knees.
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