Total knee arthroplasty of the stiff knee: three hundred and four cases View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2014-02

AUTHORS

Caroline Debette, Sébastien Lustig, Elvire Servien, Timothy Lording, Vincent Villa, Guillaume Demey, Philippe Neyret

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyse the results of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in stiff knees (flexion ≤90° and/or flexion contracture ≥20°). Our hypothesis was that despite having poorer results than those obtained in a "standard" population and a high rate of complications, TKA was a satisfactory treatment in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee associated with significant stiffness. METHODS: Three hundred and four consecutive primary HLS TKAs (Tornier), whose data were prospectively collected between October 1987 and October 2012, were retrospectively analysed at a mean of 60 months (range, 12-239) postoperatively. Two groups, those with a "flexion contracture" and those with a "flexion deficit", were assessed for postoperative range of motion (as integrated to the Knee Society score [KSS]), physical activity level and patient satisfaction. RESULTS: At the latest follow-up, range of motion was significantly improved, as was the KSS. Ninety-four percent of patients were satisfied or very satisfied, and activity levels were increased after surgery. The complication rate, however, was high in patients with a preoperative flexion deficit (17%). Pain and residual stiffness were the most common complications. CONCLUSION: TKA provides satisfactory results in patients with knee osteoarthritis associated with significant pre-operative stiffness. The surgical plan should be adapted to anticipate complications, which are particularly frequent in the presence of a flexion deficit. More... »

PAGES

285-289

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00264-013-2252-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00264-013-2252-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038908066

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24363046


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47 schema:description PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyse the results of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in stiff knees (flexion ≤90° and/or flexion contracture ≥20°). Our hypothesis was that despite having poorer results than those obtained in a "standard" population and a high rate of complications, TKA was a satisfactory treatment in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee associated with significant stiffness. METHODS: Three hundred and four consecutive primary HLS TKAs (Tornier), whose data were prospectively collected between October 1987 and October 2012, were retrospectively analysed at a mean of 60 months (range, 12-239) postoperatively. Two groups, those with a "flexion contracture" and those with a "flexion deficit", were assessed for postoperative range of motion (as integrated to the Knee Society score [KSS]), physical activity level and patient satisfaction. RESULTS: At the latest follow-up, range of motion was significantly improved, as was the KSS. Ninety-four percent of patients were satisfied or very satisfied, and activity levels were increased after surgery. The complication rate, however, was high in patients with a preoperative flexion deficit (17%). Pain and residual stiffness were the most common complications. CONCLUSION: TKA provides satisfactory results in patients with knee osteoarthritis associated with significant pre-operative stiffness. The surgical plan should be adapted to anticipate complications, which are particularly frequent in the presence of a flexion deficit.
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