Increased prevalence of regulatory T cells in the lung cancer microenvironment: a role of thymic stromal lymphopoietin View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2011-11

AUTHORS

Hui Li, Hua Zhao, Jinpu Yu, Yanjun Su, Shui Cao, Xiumei An, Xiubao Ren

ABSTRACT

Expansion of CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) in tumor microenvironment was one of the mechanisms by which cancer cells escaped host defense. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) contributes to the generation of natural Tregs in thymus. Therefore, the purpose of this report was to investigate the role of TSLP in the increasing prevalence of Tregs in lung cancer microenvironment. The expression ratio of TSLP protein in tumor tissues was significantly increased compared with that in benign lesion and non-cancer lung tissue. The prevalence of Tregs in tumor microenvironment was correlated with the expression of TSLP in lung cancer. Dendritic cells (DCs) were induced from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) collected from lung cancer patients and left unstimulated (imDCs) or exposed to hTSLP (TSLP-DCs) or LPS (LPS-DCs). TSLP-DCs expressed intermediate levels of CD83 and high levels of CD86, CD11C, and HLA-DR, which showed a characteristic of less mature DCs. TSLP-DCs secreted low levels of IL-6, IL-12, IL-10, TNF-α and IFN-γ, and high levels of TGF-β and MDC. The percentage of Tregs in CD4+CD25- T cells cocultured with TSLP-DCs group was statistically higher than that of LPS-DCs and imDCs. Transwell assays showed that TSLP-DCs exhibited increased ability to attract the migration of CD4+CD25- Tregs, when compared with imDCs. These results indicated that TSLP proteins were expressed in lung tumor tissue and correlated with the prevalence of Tregs. TSLP-DCs could induce CD4+CD25- T cells to differentiate into CD4+CD25+foxp3+ T cells and the migration of CD4+CD25+ T cells. More... »

PAGES

1587-1596

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00262-011-1059-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00262-011-1059-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001751900

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21681373


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37 schema:description Expansion of CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) in tumor microenvironment was one of the mechanisms by which cancer cells escaped host defense. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) contributes to the generation of natural Tregs in thymus. Therefore, the purpose of this report was to investigate the role of TSLP in the increasing prevalence of Tregs in lung cancer microenvironment. The expression ratio of TSLP protein in tumor tissues was significantly increased compared with that in benign lesion and non-cancer lung tissue. The prevalence of Tregs in tumor microenvironment was correlated with the expression of TSLP in lung cancer. Dendritic cells (DCs) were induced from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) collected from lung cancer patients and left unstimulated (imDCs) or exposed to hTSLP (TSLP-DCs) or LPS (LPS-DCs). TSLP-DCs expressed intermediate levels of CD83 and high levels of CD86, CD11C, and HLA-DR, which showed a characteristic of less mature DCs. TSLP-DCs secreted low levels of IL-6, IL-12, IL-10, TNF-α and IFN-γ, and high levels of TGF-β and MDC. The percentage of Tregs in CD4+CD25- T cells cocultured with TSLP-DCs group was statistically higher than that of LPS-DCs and imDCs. Transwell assays showed that TSLP-DCs exhibited increased ability to attract the migration of CD4+CD25- Tregs, when compared with imDCs. These results indicated that TSLP proteins were expressed in lung tumor tissue and correlated with the prevalence of Tregs. TSLP-DCs could induce CD4+CD25- T cells to differentiate into CD4+CD25+foxp3+ T cells and the migration of CD4+CD25+ T cells.
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