Differentiation of lipid poor angiomyolipoma from hepatocellular carcinoma on gadoxetic acid-enhanced liver MR imaging View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2015-03

AUTHORS

Rihyeon Kim, Jeong Min Lee, Ijin Joo, Dong Ho Lee, Sungmin Woo, Joon Koo Han, Byung Ihn Choi

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate magnetic resonance (MR) findings of angiomyolipoma (AML) on gadoxetic acid-enhanced MR imaging, and to identify features that differentiate AML from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with a low risk of HCC development. METHODS: This retrospective study was institutional review board approved, and the requirement for informed consent was waived. Twelve patients with hepatic AML who underwent gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI with no risk factors for HCC development were recruited. Twenty-seven patients with HCC under the same inclusion criteria were recruited as control. Two radiologists analyzed the images in consensus for morphologic features, enhancement patterns, and hepatobiliary phase (HBP) findings. All results were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney test, two-tailed Fisher exact test, and chi-square test. RESULTS: Patients with AML were younger than those with HCC (48.8 ± 15 years for AML vs. 62.7 ± 14.2 years for HCC, p = 0.008) with female predominance, while most HCC patients were male (75% (9/12) vs. 15% (4/27), p < 0.001). The most prevalent enhancement pattern was arterial enhancement followed by hypointensity at portal or transitional phases for both AMLs (58% (7/12)) and HCCs (74% (20/27)) (p = 0.455). However, during the HBP, AMLs frequently showed more homogeneous hypointensity than HCCs (83% (10/12) vs. 41% (11/27), p = 0.018). When compared with the signal intensity of the spleen, the mean relative signal intensity of the AML was 91.2 ± 15.4%, while in HCCs, it was 128.7 ± 40% (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Although AMLs showed similar enhancement patterns to HCCs during the dynamic phases of gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI, using characteristic MR features of AML during the HBP and demographic differences, one can better differentiate AML from HCC. More... »

PAGES

531-541

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00261-014-0244-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00261-014-0244-4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023060074

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25231411


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