Recurrent renal cell carcinoma: clinical and prognostic value of FDG PET/CT View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-03

AUTHORS

Pierpaolo Alongi, Maria Picchio, Fabio Zattoni, Marianna Spallino, Luigi Gianolli, Giorgio Saladini, Laura Evangelista

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was 1) to evaluate the diagnostic performance of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT), 2) to assess the impact of FDG PET/CT on treatment decision-making, and 3) to estimate the prognostic value of FDG PET/CT in the restaging process among patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS: From the FDG PET/CT databases of San Raffaele Hospital in Milan, Italy, and the Veneto Institute of Oncology in Padua, Italy, we selected 104 patients with a certain diagnosis of RCC after surgery, and for whom at least 24 months of post-surgical FDG PET/CT, clinical, and instrumental follow-up data was available. The sensitivity and specificity of FDG PET/CT were assessed by histology and/or other imaging as standard of reference. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were computed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used to identify predictors of outcome. RESULTS: FDG PET/CT resulted in a positive diagnosis in 58 patients and a negative diagnosis in 46 patients. Sensitivity and specificity were 74% and 80%, respectively. FDG PET/CT findings influenced therapeutic management in 45/104 cases (43%). After a median follow-up period of 37 months (± standard deviation 12.9), 51 (49%) patients had recurrence of disease, and 26 (25%) had died. In analysis of OS, positive versus negative FDG PET/CT was associated with worse cumulative survival rates over a 5-year period (19% vs. 69%, respectively; p <0.05). Similarly, a positive FDG PET/CT correlated with a lower 3-year PFS rate. In addition, univariate and multivariate analysis revealed that a positive scan, alone or in combination with disease stage III-IV or nuclear grading 3-4, was associated with high risk of progression (multivariate analysis = hazard ratios [HRs] of 4.01, 3.7, and 2.8, respectively; all p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: FDG PET/CT is a valuable tool both in treatment decision-making and for predicting survival and progression in patients affected by RCC. More... »

PAGES

464-473

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00259-015-3159-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00259-015-3159-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009511229

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26268680


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