Assessment of the reliability and validity of imaging measurements for patellofemoral instability: an updated systematic review View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2022-07-07

AUTHORS

Liam Geraghty, David Humphries, Jane Fitzpatrick

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo provide an update on the reliability and validity of all radiological measures used to assess patients presenting with patellofemoral instability.MethodsA search of the CINHAL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, and SCOPUS databases and the Cochrane library was conducted. All studies assessing the validity, reliability, sensitivity, and specificity of radiological measures of the patellofemoral joints of patients with patellofemoral instability from 2010 onwards were considered for inclusion. Discrimination validity, inter- and intra-observer reliability, and the sensitivity and specificity of specific imaging measures were evaluated.ResultsSeventy-three studies met the selection criteria and were included for analysis. We identified eight radiological measures in four categories with good reliability and validity: the tibial tubercle to trochlear groove distance, specific measures of patellar height (Blackburne-Peel index, Caton-Deschamps index and Insall-Salvati ratios), three measures of trochlear dysplasia (sulcus angle, trochlear depth, and lateral trochlear inclination), and the tibial tubercle to posterior cruciate ligament distance. No included studies examined the reliability and validity of patellofemoral instability ultrasound measures.ConclusionOur updated review demonstrated good inter- and intra-observer reliability and discrimination validity for the tibial tubercle-trochlear groove distance, specific patellar height, and trochlear dysplasia measures on MRI. The tibial tubercle to posterior cruciate ligament distance, an indirect measure of rotational asymmetry, was a valid and reliable measure on MRI. Due to a lack of assessments across more than one study, there are a variety of proposed measures with insufficient evidence to determine their validity, reliability, sensitivity, and specificity. More... »

PAGES

1-12

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00256-022-04110-9

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00256-022-04110-9

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1149271498

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35794393


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