Reliability and diagnostic utility of radiographs in patients with incomplete atypical femoral fractures. View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-04-10

AUTHORS

Ulas Akgun, Umut Canbek, Nevres Hurriyet Aydogan

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of radiographs in identifying incomplete atypical femoral fractures and to determine interobserver and intra-observer reliability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anterior-posterior and lateral radiographs of 10 femurs with incomplete atypical femoral fractures confirmed using bone scintigraphy and magnetic resonance imaging, and 40 femurs without incomplete atypical femoral fractures confirmed using bone scintigraphy, were reviewed by 4 orthopedic surgeons and 4 radiology specialists. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were calculated to determine a diagnosis of incomplete atypical femoral fractures. Interobserver reliability was measured using Fleiss' kappa value, and intra-observer reliability was ascertained using Cohen's kappa statistic. RESULTS: Mean sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and the positive and negative predictive values were found to be 89, 89, 89, 67, and 97% respectively, in diagnosing incomplete atypical femoral fractures using radiographs. Interobserver reliability was found to be at a good level (Fleiss' kappa = 0.66, standard error = 0.03, 95% confidence interval = 0.61-0.71). Intra-observer Cohen's kappa values ranged from 0.53 to 0.91. CONCLUSION: The use of radiography was satisfactory in identifying incomplete atypical femoral fractures, and the level of interobserver agreement was found to be good. As radiographs are associated with low positive predictive values, an advanced imaging method should be used when an increase in femoral cortical thickness is the only contributory factor to suspicion of an incomplete atypical femoral fracture. More... »

Journal

TITLE

Skeletal Radiology

ISSUE

N/A

VOLUME

N/A

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00256-019-03212-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00256-019-03212-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113356136

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30972429


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