Clinical, radiological, and pathological features of extraskeletal osteosarcoma View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-09

AUTHORS

Lauren A. Roller, Ivan Chebib, Miriam A. Bredella, Connie Y. Chang

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical and radiological features of pathology-proven extraskeletal osteosarcomas. METHODS: This retrospective study was IRB-approved and HIPAA-compliant. Our pathology database was queried for cases of extraskeletal osteosarcoma. Tumor location, size, imaging appearance, presence of metastases, and clinical outcome were documented. RESULTS: Nineteen patients met inclusion criteria (age 59 ± 15 (range 28-85) years; 15 male, 4 female). Tumors occurred in the lower extremities (12 out of 19, 63%), pelvis/gluteal region (3 out of 19, 16%), upper extremity (2 out of 19, 5%), thorax (1 out of 19, 5%), and neck (1 out of 19, 5%). Two out of 19 (11%) patients had undergone radiation to the tumor site previously. According to pathology, 16 out of 19 tumors were high-grade (84%). Tumors presented as soft-tissue masses measuring 9.5 ± 6.8 (2-29) cm. Tumor mineralization was present in 5 out of 19 cases (26%) and local invasion was found in 1 out of 19 cases (6%). On MRI, tumors typically appeared hyperintense on T2-weighted sequences with enhancement in 15 out of 15 (100%) contrast-enhanced studies, and with central necrosis in 10 out of 19 (53%) cases. Low-grade tumors were smaller (<4 cm; 3 out of 3, 100%) and lacked central necrosis (3 out of 3, 100%). 8 out of 19 patients (42%) had metastases, most commonly to the lung (7 out of 19, 37%) and bone (2 out of 19,11%). Two out of 8 patients (25%) with metastases and 8 out of 11 (73%) without metastases achieved recurrence-free survival (mean follow-up 3.8 ± 4.0 [0.2-14.2]) years. No metastases or deaths occurred in patients with low-grade histology. CONCLUSIONS: Extraskeletal osteosarcomas are rare, typically high-grade malignancies that commonly metastasize to lung and bones. Low-grade tumors and those without metastases have a good prognosis. MRI appearance is nonspecific, with T2 hyperintense signal and heterogeneous enhancement. Unlike conventional osteosarcoma, mineralization is rare. More... »

PAGES

1213-1220

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00256-018-2908-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00256-018-2908-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101330854

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29502131


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