Hydrochemistry and environmental isotope study of the geothermal water around Beypazarı granitoids, Ankara, Turkey View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2009-10

AUTHORS

Oktay Çelmen, Mehmet Çelik

ABSTRACT

Hydrochemical analysis results suggest four different water types: bicarbonate dominant water (facies-I), sulfate dominant cold brine water (facies-II), sodium-bicarbonate dominant thermal water and thermal and mineralized water (facies-III), and sulfate–chloride dominant thermal and mineralized water (facies-IV). The mineral content/salinity of the water is related to the ions that these waters dissolve from the minerals on the rocks during infiltration and circulation in the saturated zone. Gypsum cover units that exist on the granitoids in the region is the main factor for the ion increase in the facies III geothermal water similar to the cold brine water (facies II). Isotopic analyses indicate that the thermal springs (Dutlu bath spring, Ayaş bath well, Çoban bath well and Kapullu bath spring) are of meteoric origin and receive recharge from precipitation in the Beypazarı granitoids and around gypseous formations with elevations of about 950–1,150 m. Karakaya bath well and Ilıca bath spring thermal water points are recharged from the Bilecik limestone hills, Tekke volcanics and İncedoruk Formations. Karakoca mineral spring of thermal and mineralized water is recharged from out of the study area. According to oxygen-18 (SO42−) and sulfur-34 (SO42−) contents, sulfate in water samples from Ayaş and Dutlu resorts as well as Çoban bath is derived from the gypsum of Kirmir Formation as the primary source. Sulfates of the Kapullu bath water and Karakoca mineral water originate from secondary sources such as pyrite oxidation and bacteriological reduction. More... »

PAGES

1689-1701

Journal

TITLE

Environmental Geology

ISSUE

8

VOLUME

58

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00254-008-1669-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00254-008-1669-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043758631


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