Degradation of lignite (low-rank coal) by ligninolytic basidiomycetes and their manganese peroxidase system View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1999-07

AUTHORS

M. Hofrichter, D. Ziegenhagen, S. Sorge, R. Ullrich, F. Bublitz, W. Fritsche

ABSTRACT

Ligninolytic basidiomycetes (wood and leaf-litter-decaying fungi) have the ability to degrade low-rank coal (lignite). Extracellular manganese peroxidase is the crucial enzyme in the depolymerization process of both coal-derived humic substances and native coal. The depolymerization of coal by Mn peroxidase is catalysed via chelated Mn(III) acting as a diffusible mediator with a high redox potential and can be enhanced in the presence of additional mediating agents (e.g. glutathione). The depolymerization process results in the formation of a complex mixture of lower-molecular-mass fulvic-acid-like compounds. Experiments using a synthetic 14C-labeled humic acid demonstrated that the Mn peroxidase-catalyzed depolymerization of humic substances was accompanied by a substantial release of carbon dioxide (17%-50% of the initially added radio-activity was released as 14CO2). Mn peroxidase was found to be a highly stable enzyme that remained active for several weeks under reaction conditions in a liquid reaction mixture and even persisted in sterile and native soil from an opencast mining area for some days. More... »

PAGES

78-84

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s002530051490

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002530051490

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032872348

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10461373


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