Composition and functional profiles of microbial communities in two geochemically and mineralogically different caves View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2021-11-05

AUTHORS

Sahib Zada, Jianmin Xie, Min Yang, Xiaoyu Yang, Wasim Sajjad, Muhammad Rafiq, Fariha Hasan, Zhong Hu, Hui Wang

ABSTRACT

Microbial communities in cave ecosystems have specific survival strategies, which is far from being well explicated. Here, we reported the genetic and functional diversity of bacteria and archaea in typical limestone (Kashmir Cave) and silicate-containing (Tiser Cave) caves. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic (FTIR) analyses revealed the different geochemical and mineral compositions of the two caves. Amplicon barcode sequencing revealed the dominancy of Actinobacteria and Proteobacteria in Kashmir and Tiser Caves. Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes were the dominant phyla in Tiser Cave, and the abundance is relatively small in Kashmir Cave. Archaea was also abundant prokaryotes in Kashmir Cave, but it only accounted for 0.723% of the total prokaryote sequences in Tiser Cave. Functional analysis based on metagenomic sequencing data revealed that a large number of functional potential genes involved in nutrient metabolism and biosynthesis of bioactive compounds in Tiser and Kashmir Cave samples could significantly influence the biogeochemical cycle and secondary metabolite production in cave habitats. In addition, the two caves were also found to be rich in biosynthetic genes, encoding bioactive compounds, such as monobactam and prodigiosin, indicating that these caves could be potential habitats for the isolation of antibiotics. This study provides a comprehensive insight into the diversity of bacteria and archaea in cave ecosystems and helps to better understand the special survival strategies of microorganisms in cave ecosystems.Key points• Geochemically distinct caves possess unique microbial community structure.• Cavernicoles could be important candidates for antibiotic production.• Cavernicoles are important for biogeochemical cycling. More... »

PAGES

8921-8936

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  • Identifiers

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00253-021-11658-4

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00253-021-11658-4

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1142397596

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34738169


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