Evaluating the association between body weight and the intestinal microbiota of weaned piglets via 16S rRNA sequencing View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-07

AUTHORS

Geon Goo Han, Jun-Yeong Lee, Gwi-Deuk Jin, Jongbin Park, Yo Han Choi, Byung Jo Chae, Eun Bae Kim, Yun-Jaie Choi

ABSTRACT

Due to the ban on the use of antimicrobial growth promoters in livestock feeds, understanding the relationship between intestinal microbiota and the physiology of the host has become very important for improving livestock performance. In this study, we investigated the relationship between intestinal microbiota and body weights of weaned piglets. Lighter (n = 9) and heavier (n = 9) 9-week-old weaned piglets were selected from approximately one hundred individuals based on their body weights. Their fecal microbial communities were analyzed by sequencing the V4 region of the 16S rRNA gene. The microbial richness estimators of the heavier piglets were significantly higher than those of the lighter piglets. At the phylum level, the microbiota of the heavier group had significantly higher levels of Firmicutes and a higher Firmicutes-to-Bacteroidetes ratio than that of the lighter group. At the genus level, the levels of several genera, such as Anaerococcus and Lactococcus, were significantly different in the two groups. In particular, the lighter group had significantly higher levels of opportunistic pathogenic bacteria, such as Anaerotruncus and Bacteroides, compared with those of the heavier group. Moreover, the levels of bacteria expressing the components of several metabolic pathways were significantly different in the two groups. The microbiota of the heavier group had a significantly higher involvement in three KEGG pathways concerned with xenobiotic degradation than that of the lighter group. These results may provide insights into host-microbe interactions occurring in the piglet intestine and will be useful in establishing a strategy for improving growth performance in the swine industry. More... »

PAGES

5903-5911

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00253-017-8304-7

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00253-017-8304-7

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085437163

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28523395


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