Clostridium thermocellum releases coumaric acid during degradation of untreated grasses by the action of an unknown enzyme View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-03

AUTHORS

Christopher D. Herring, Philip G. Thorne, Lee R. Lynd

ABSTRACT

Clostridium thermocellum is an anaerobic thermophile with the ability to digest lignocellulosic biomass that has not been pretreated with high temperatures. Thermophilic anaerobes have previously been shown to more readily degrade grasses than wood. Part of the explanation for this may be the presence of relatively large amounts of coumaric acid in grasses, with linkages to both hemicellulose and lignin. We found that C. thermocellum and cell-free cellulase preparations both release coumaric acid from bagasse and switchgrass. Cellulase preparations from a mutant strain lacking the scaffoldin cipA still showed activity, though diminished. Deletion of all three proteins in C. thermocellum with ferulic acid esterase domains, either singly or in combination, did not eliminate the activity. Further work will be needed to identify the novel enzyme(s) responsible for the release of coumaric acid from grasses and to determine whether these enzymes are important factors of microbial biomass degradation. More... »

PAGES

2907-2915

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00253-016-7294-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00253-016-7294-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040757534

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26762388


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