Toluene biodegradation rates in unsaturated soil systems versus liquid batches and their relevance to field conditions View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2013-09

AUTHORS

Sara Picone, Tim Grotenhuis, Pauline van Gaans, Johan Valstar, Alette Langenhoff, Huub Rijnaarts

ABSTRACT

Contaminant biodegradation in unsaturated soils may reduce the risks of vapor intrusion. However, the reported rates show large variability and are often derived from slurry experiments that are not representative of unsaturated conditions. Here, different laboratory setups are used to derive the biodegradation capacity of an unsaturated soil layer through which gaseous toluene migrates from the water table upwards. Experiments in static unsaturated soil microcosms at 6-30 % water-filled porosity (WFP) and unsaturated soil columns at 9, 14, and 27 % WFP were compared with liquid batches containing the same culture of Alicycliphilus denitrificans. The biodegradation rates for the liquid batches were orders of magnitude lower than for the other setups. Hence, liquid batches do not necessarily reflect optimal conditions for bacteria; either oxygen or toluene mass transfer at the cell scale or the absence of soil-water-air interfaces seemed to be limiting bacterial activity. For the column setup, the rates were limited by mass supply. The microcosm results could be described by apparent first-order biodegradation constants that increased with WFP or through a numerical model that included biodegradation as a first-order process taking place in the liquid phase only. The model liquid phase first-order rates varied between 6.25 and 20 h(-1) and were not related to the water content. Substrate availability was the primary factor limiting bioactivity, with evidence for physiological stress at the lowest water-filled porosity. The presented approach is useful to derive liquid phase biodegradation rates from experimental data and to include biodegradation in vapor intrusion models. More... »

PAGES

7887-7898

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00253-012-4480-7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00253-012-4480-7

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014331348

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23090052


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0503", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Soil Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/05", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Environmental Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Batch Cell Culture Techniques", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Biodegradation, Environmental", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Comamonadaceae", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Environmental Restoration and Remediation", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Kinetics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Soil", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Soil Pollutants", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Toluene", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Deltares Soil and Groundwater Systems, Princetonlaan 6, P.O. Box 80015, 3508 TA, Utrecht, The Netherlands"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Picone", 
        "givenName": "Sara", 
        "id": "sg:person.01166744461.13", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01166744461.13"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Wageningen University & Research", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4818.5", 
          "name": [
            "Sub-department of Environmental Technology, Wageningen University, Bornse Weilanden 9, 6708 WG Wageningen, P.O. Box 17, 6700 AA, Wageningen, The Netherlands"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Grotenhuis", 
        "givenName": "Tim", 
        "id": "sg:person.01057400062.75", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01057400062.75"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Deltares Soil and Groundwater Systems, Princetonlaan 6, P.O. Box 80015, 3508 TA, Utrecht, The Netherlands"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "van Gaans", 
        "givenName": "Pauline", 
        "id": "sg:person.014127625711.25", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014127625711.25"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Deltares Soil and Groundwater Systems, Princetonlaan 6, P.O. Box 80015, 3508 TA, Utrecht, The Netherlands"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Valstar", 
        "givenName": "Johan", 
        "id": "sg:person.01235057661.18", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01235057661.18"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Wageningen University & Research", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4818.5", 
          "name": [
            "Sub-department of Environmental Technology, Wageningen University, Bornse Weilanden 9, 6708 WG Wageningen, P.O. Box 17, 6700 AA, Wageningen, The Netherlands"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Langenhoff", 
        "givenName": "Alette", 
        "id": "sg:person.01040152505.10", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01040152505.10"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Wageningen University & Research", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4818.5", 
          "name": [
            "Sub-department of Environmental Technology, Wageningen University, Bornse Weilanden 9, 6708 WG Wageningen, P.O. Box 17, 6700 AA, Wageningen, The Netherlands"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rijnaarts", 
        "givenName": "Huub", 
        "id": "sg:person.015405320247.27", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015405320247.27"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6968.1986.tb01939.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000909622"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6968.1986.tb01939.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000909622"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00122424", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001857930", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00122424"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00122424", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001857930", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00122424"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-6592.2008.01219.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001859274"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-6592.2008.01219.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001859274"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconhyd.2009.09.002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002428628"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mimet.2005.04.018", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002497586"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-0290(20000820)69:4<385::aid-bit5>3.0.co;2-q", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003733371"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-7799(93)90159-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003941151"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1128/aem.00835-08", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004045651"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/10889869991219433", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004220223"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11270-005-1486-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004268972", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-005-1486-0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11270-005-1486-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004268972", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-005-1486-0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/jpln.200521904", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007925627"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/1998wr900087", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008379694"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6941.2007.00289.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008488045"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/bit.260411108", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008962054"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-7722(00)00086-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009302190"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-90-481-9757-6_10", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010417450", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-9757-6_10"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-90-481-9757-6_10", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010417450", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-9757-6_10"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-6592.2006.00048.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011569008"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-7722(03)00005-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012749910"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-7722(03)00005-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012749910"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/97wr03466", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013341280"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/91wr00111", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015489773"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-7722(90)90043-g", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021406777"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-7722(90)90043-g", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021406777"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.1798", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025133209"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-7722(94)90017-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027392666"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-7722(94)90017-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027392666"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconhyd.2006.07.007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029025339"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1128/aem.00313-08", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033023741"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.06.001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033844973"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00248-001-0010-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036210035", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00248-001-0010-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-003-1423-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039629462", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-003-1423-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0038-0717(00)00073-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042696492"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-7722(00)00135-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043539457"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/09593331908616756", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050823680"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-7722(95)00092-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052784727"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es00020a013", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055485059"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es00036a022", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055485739"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es00075a010", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055487510"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es0100423", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055493059"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es0100423", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055493059"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es049781k", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055497763"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es049781k", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055497763"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es051335p", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055498431"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es051335p", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055498431"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es060672a", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055499268"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es060672a", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055499268"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es062313l", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055499925"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es062313l", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055499925"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es801334x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055515121"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es801334x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055515121"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es980191u", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055520338"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es980191u", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055520338"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/je00012a017", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055877354"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq1996.00472425002500020012x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069005031"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1984.03615995004800060013x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069044495"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1990.03615995005400060018x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069046558"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077159124", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079920745", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082536621", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082644836", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2013-09", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2013-09-01", 
    "description": "Contaminant biodegradation in unsaturated soils may reduce the risks of vapor intrusion. However, the reported rates show large variability and are often derived from slurry experiments that are not representative of unsaturated conditions. Here, different laboratory setups are used to derive the biodegradation capacity of an unsaturated soil layer through which gaseous toluene migrates from the water table upwards. Experiments in static unsaturated soil microcosms at 6-30\u00a0% water-filled porosity (WFP) and unsaturated soil columns at 9, 14, and 27\u00a0% WFP were compared with liquid batches containing the same culture of Alicycliphilus denitrificans. The biodegradation rates for the liquid batches were orders of magnitude lower than for the other setups. Hence, liquid batches do not necessarily reflect optimal conditions for bacteria; either oxygen or toluene mass transfer at the cell scale or the absence of soil-water-air interfaces seemed to be limiting bacterial activity. For the column setup, the rates were limited by mass supply. The microcosm results could be described by apparent first-order biodegradation constants that increased with WFP or through a numerical model that included biodegradation as a first-order process taking place in the liquid phase only. The model liquid phase first-order rates varied between 6.25 and 20\u00a0h(-1) and were not related to the water content. Substrate availability was the primary factor limiting bioactivity, with evidence for physiological stress at the lowest water-filled porosity. The presented approach is useful to derive liquid phase biodegradation rates from experimental data and to include biodegradation in vapor intrusion models. ", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-012-4480-7", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1083533", 
        "issn": [
          "0175-7598", 
          "1432-0614"
        ], 
        "name": "Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "17", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "97"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Toluene biodegradation rates in unsaturated soil systems versus liquid batches and their relevance to field conditions", 
    "pagination": "7887-7898", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "4446232b65ec10cd1f146e1240b0c370cc2a7cada7b6d0a8018ef5df7152ce41"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "23090052"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "8406612"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s00253-012-4480-7"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1014331348"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-012-4480-7", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014331348"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T23:24", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8693_00000511.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs00253-012-4480-7"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00253-012-4480-7'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00253-012-4480-7'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00253-012-4480-7'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00253-012-4480-7'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

293 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      87 URIs      29 LITERALS      17 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-012-4480-7 schema:about N01a3329b1f014f0bb271249c2d0a15a1
2 N10d81b8da46f4f93abc159ef67fdcebf
3 N498351f33ce041c991470a07a4e3aae9
4 N49e999730f6447efb354a6ca743e1f0d
5 N6b880ebf87414fc1b16e5707555f1bff
6 N8511ae3e0a6342d19273cddf4ba0b51d
7 N9556a47fc499496e935ba2287051f36e
8 Ncbfe454786c24448a967c12ef1c64df5
9 anzsrc-for:05
10 anzsrc-for:0503
11 schema:author N1dac7f80bb25422aaae159e3b5cdb6bc
12 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-90-481-9757-6_10
13 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00122424
14 sg:pub.10.1007/s00248-001-0010-3
15 sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-003-1423-3
16 sg:pub.10.1007/s11270-005-1486-0
17 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077159124
18 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079920745
19 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082536621
20 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082644836
21 https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-0290(20000820)69:4<385::aid-bit5>3.0.co;2-q
22 https://doi.org/10.1002/bit.260411108
23 https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.1798
24 https://doi.org/10.1002/jpln.200521904
25 https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-7799(93)90159-7
26 https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-7722(90)90043-g
27 https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-7722(94)90017-5
28 https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-7722(95)00092-5
29 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconhyd.2006.07.007
30 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconhyd.2009.09.002
31 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mimet.2005.04.018
32 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.06.001
33 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0038-0717(00)00073-0
34 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-7722(00)00086-3
35 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-7722(00)00135-2
36 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-7722(03)00005-6
37 https://doi.org/10.1021/es00020a013
38 https://doi.org/10.1021/es00036a022
39 https://doi.org/10.1021/es00075a010
40 https://doi.org/10.1021/es0100423
41 https://doi.org/10.1021/es049781k
42 https://doi.org/10.1021/es051335p
43 https://doi.org/10.1021/es060672a
44 https://doi.org/10.1021/es062313l
45 https://doi.org/10.1021/es801334x
46 https://doi.org/10.1021/es980191u
47 https://doi.org/10.1021/je00012a017
48 https://doi.org/10.1029/1998wr900087
49 https://doi.org/10.1029/91wr00111
50 https://doi.org/10.1029/97wr03466
51 https://doi.org/10.1080/09593331908616756
52 https://doi.org/10.1080/10889869991219433
53 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6941.2007.00289.x
54 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6968.1986.tb01939.x
55 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-6592.2006.00048.x
56 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-6592.2008.01219.x
57 https://doi.org/10.1128/aem.00313-08
58 https://doi.org/10.1128/aem.00835-08
59 https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq1996.00472425002500020012x
60 https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1984.03615995004800060013x
61 https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1990.03615995005400060018x
62 schema:datePublished 2013-09
63 schema:datePublishedReg 2013-09-01
64 schema:description Contaminant biodegradation in unsaturated soils may reduce the risks of vapor intrusion. However, the reported rates show large variability and are often derived from slurry experiments that are not representative of unsaturated conditions. Here, different laboratory setups are used to derive the biodegradation capacity of an unsaturated soil layer through which gaseous toluene migrates from the water table upwards. Experiments in static unsaturated soil microcosms at 6-30 % water-filled porosity (WFP) and unsaturated soil columns at 9, 14, and 27 % WFP were compared with liquid batches containing the same culture of Alicycliphilus denitrificans. The biodegradation rates for the liquid batches were orders of magnitude lower than for the other setups. Hence, liquid batches do not necessarily reflect optimal conditions for bacteria; either oxygen or toluene mass transfer at the cell scale or the absence of soil-water-air interfaces seemed to be limiting bacterial activity. For the column setup, the rates were limited by mass supply. The microcosm results could be described by apparent first-order biodegradation constants that increased with WFP or through a numerical model that included biodegradation as a first-order process taking place in the liquid phase only. The model liquid phase first-order rates varied between 6.25 and 20 h(-1) and were not related to the water content. Substrate availability was the primary factor limiting bioactivity, with evidence for physiological stress at the lowest water-filled porosity. The presented approach is useful to derive liquid phase biodegradation rates from experimental data and to include biodegradation in vapor intrusion models.
65 schema:genre research_article
66 schema:inLanguage en
67 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
68 schema:isPartOf N2f6a65d57c2b47ffa5cfdac5251a2743
69 N897b209540a64b07bbcf8e70300412d7
70 sg:journal.1083533
71 schema:name Toluene biodegradation rates in unsaturated soil systems versus liquid batches and their relevance to field conditions
72 schema:pagination 7887-7898
73 schema:productId N144253cae85946d69a56aa63c2fd49ea
74 Nb4ca597c83684bb184dc81ff4303b886
75 Nbd91f3b6f2ad4f8cb36d63c01f256a72
76 Nc7d94d7bf70a4f83b5469a48ca8e5d6e
77 Ne5f7956a20054cf9af4cd5124b6e15a4
78 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014331348
79 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-012-4480-7
80 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T23:24
81 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
82 schema:sdPublisher N375161c6edec406d98d6b4023a020a98
83 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs00253-012-4480-7
84 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
85 sgo:sdDataset articles
86 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
87 N01a3329b1f014f0bb271249c2d0a15a1 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
88 schema:name Kinetics
89 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
90 N06de938b3fc34d998c1272643d4e46fd schema:name Deltares Soil and Groundwater Systems, Princetonlaan 6, P.O. Box 80015, 3508 TA, Utrecht, The Netherlands
91 rdf:type schema:Organization
92 N10d81b8da46f4f93abc159ef67fdcebf schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
93 schema:name Comamonadaceae
94 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
95 N144253cae85946d69a56aa63c2fd49ea schema:name doi
96 schema:value 10.1007/s00253-012-4480-7
97 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
98 N1dac7f80bb25422aaae159e3b5cdb6bc rdf:first sg:person.01166744461.13
99 rdf:rest Na434573c9adc4c36bc0d05332645d016
100 N2f6a65d57c2b47ffa5cfdac5251a2743 schema:issueNumber 17
101 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
102 N375161c6edec406d98d6b4023a020a98 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
103 rdf:type schema:Organization
104 N498351f33ce041c991470a07a4e3aae9 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
105 schema:name Soil Pollutants
106 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
107 N49e999730f6447efb354a6ca743e1f0d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
108 schema:name Biodegradation, Environmental
109 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
110 N5af2ab667e8143e48dca3b7e8fc1361e rdf:first sg:person.01040152505.10
111 rdf:rest Na32336fb5b114cc882f578e162bd046b
112 N6b880ebf87414fc1b16e5707555f1bff schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
113 schema:name Environmental Restoration and Remediation
114 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
115 N73748b902d72456887f2451eb55232e6 rdf:first sg:person.01235057661.18
116 rdf:rest N5af2ab667e8143e48dca3b7e8fc1361e
117 N8511ae3e0a6342d19273cddf4ba0b51d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
118 schema:name Batch Cell Culture Techniques
119 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
120 N897b209540a64b07bbcf8e70300412d7 schema:volumeNumber 97
121 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
122 N9556a47fc499496e935ba2287051f36e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
123 schema:name Soil
124 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
125 Na32336fb5b114cc882f578e162bd046b rdf:first sg:person.015405320247.27
126 rdf:rest rdf:nil
127 Na434573c9adc4c36bc0d05332645d016 rdf:first sg:person.01057400062.75
128 rdf:rest Nfb9402577e594b7a892f8ef083def788
129 Naf4bc6ed4a3d42b8929b3af3d737efab schema:name Deltares Soil and Groundwater Systems, Princetonlaan 6, P.O. Box 80015, 3508 TA, Utrecht, The Netherlands
130 rdf:type schema:Organization
131 Nb4ca597c83684bb184dc81ff4303b886 schema:name readcube_id
132 schema:value 4446232b65ec10cd1f146e1240b0c370cc2a7cada7b6d0a8018ef5df7152ce41
133 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
134 Nb54c7ef99d50470a8d1e2b46e7389c98 schema:name Deltares Soil and Groundwater Systems, Princetonlaan 6, P.O. Box 80015, 3508 TA, Utrecht, The Netherlands
135 rdf:type schema:Organization
136 Nbd91f3b6f2ad4f8cb36d63c01f256a72 schema:name dimensions_id
137 schema:value pub.1014331348
138 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
139 Nc7d94d7bf70a4f83b5469a48ca8e5d6e schema:name pubmed_id
140 schema:value 23090052
141 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
142 Ncbfe454786c24448a967c12ef1c64df5 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
143 schema:name Toluene
144 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
145 Ne5f7956a20054cf9af4cd5124b6e15a4 schema:name nlm_unique_id
146 schema:value 8406612
147 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
148 Nfb9402577e594b7a892f8ef083def788 rdf:first sg:person.014127625711.25
149 rdf:rest N73748b902d72456887f2451eb55232e6
150 anzsrc-for:05 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
151 schema:name Environmental Sciences
152 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
153 anzsrc-for:0503 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
154 schema:name Soil Sciences
155 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
156 sg:journal.1083533 schema:issn 0175-7598
157 1432-0614
158 schema:name Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
159 rdf:type schema:Periodical
160 sg:person.01040152505.10 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4818.5
161 schema:familyName Langenhoff
162 schema:givenName Alette
163 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01040152505.10
164 rdf:type schema:Person
165 sg:person.01057400062.75 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4818.5
166 schema:familyName Grotenhuis
167 schema:givenName Tim
168 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01057400062.75
169 rdf:type schema:Person
170 sg:person.01166744461.13 schema:affiliation Naf4bc6ed4a3d42b8929b3af3d737efab
171 schema:familyName Picone
172 schema:givenName Sara
173 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01166744461.13
174 rdf:type schema:Person
175 sg:person.01235057661.18 schema:affiliation N06de938b3fc34d998c1272643d4e46fd
176 schema:familyName Valstar
177 schema:givenName Johan
178 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01235057661.18
179 rdf:type schema:Person
180 sg:person.014127625711.25 schema:affiliation Nb54c7ef99d50470a8d1e2b46e7389c98
181 schema:familyName van Gaans
182 schema:givenName Pauline
183 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014127625711.25
184 rdf:type schema:Person
185 sg:person.015405320247.27 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4818.5
186 schema:familyName Rijnaarts
187 schema:givenName Huub
188 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015405320247.27
189 rdf:type schema:Person
190 sg:pub.10.1007/978-90-481-9757-6_10 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010417450
191 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-9757-6_10
192 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
193 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00122424 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001857930
194 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00122424
195 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
196 sg:pub.10.1007/s00248-001-0010-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036210035
197 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00248-001-0010-3
198 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
199 sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-003-1423-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039629462
200 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-003-1423-3
201 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
202 sg:pub.10.1007/s11270-005-1486-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004268972
203 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-005-1486-0
204 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
205 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077159124 schema:CreativeWork
206 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079920745 schema:CreativeWork
207 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082536621 schema:CreativeWork
208 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082644836 schema:CreativeWork
209 https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-0290(20000820)69:4<385::aid-bit5>3.0.co;2-q schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003733371
210 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
211 https://doi.org/10.1002/bit.260411108 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008962054
212 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
213 https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.1798 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025133209
214 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
215 https://doi.org/10.1002/jpln.200521904 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007925627
216 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
217 https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-7799(93)90159-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003941151
218 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
219 https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-7722(90)90043-g schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021406777
220 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
221 https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-7722(94)90017-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027392666
222 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
223 https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-7722(95)00092-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052784727
224 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
225 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconhyd.2006.07.007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029025339
226 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
227 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconhyd.2009.09.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002428628
228 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
229 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mimet.2005.04.018 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002497586
230 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
231 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.06.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033844973
232 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
233 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0038-0717(00)00073-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042696492
234 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
235 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-7722(00)00086-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009302190
236 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
237 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-7722(00)00135-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043539457
238 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
239 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-7722(03)00005-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012749910
240 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
241 https://doi.org/10.1021/es00020a013 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055485059
242 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
243 https://doi.org/10.1021/es00036a022 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055485739
244 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
245 https://doi.org/10.1021/es00075a010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055487510
246 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
247 https://doi.org/10.1021/es0100423 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055493059
248 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
249 https://doi.org/10.1021/es049781k schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055497763
250 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
251 https://doi.org/10.1021/es051335p schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055498431
252 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
253 https://doi.org/10.1021/es060672a schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055499268
254 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
255 https://doi.org/10.1021/es062313l schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055499925
256 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
257 https://doi.org/10.1021/es801334x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055515121
258 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
259 https://doi.org/10.1021/es980191u schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055520338
260 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
261 https://doi.org/10.1021/je00012a017 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055877354
262 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
263 https://doi.org/10.1029/1998wr900087 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008379694
264 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
265 https://doi.org/10.1029/91wr00111 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015489773
266 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
267 https://doi.org/10.1029/97wr03466 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013341280
268 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
269 https://doi.org/10.1080/09593331908616756 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050823680
270 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
271 https://doi.org/10.1080/10889869991219433 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004220223
272 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
273 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6941.2007.00289.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008488045
274 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
275 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6968.1986.tb01939.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000909622
276 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
277 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-6592.2006.00048.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011569008
278 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
279 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-6592.2008.01219.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001859274
280 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
281 https://doi.org/10.1128/aem.00313-08 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033023741
282 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
283 https://doi.org/10.1128/aem.00835-08 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004045651
284 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
285 https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq1996.00472425002500020012x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069005031
286 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
287 https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1984.03615995004800060013x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069044495
288 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
289 https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1990.03615995005400060018x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069046558
290 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
291 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4818.5 schema:alternateName Wageningen University & Research
292 schema:name Sub-department of Environmental Technology, Wageningen University, Bornse Weilanden 9, 6708 WG Wageningen, P.O. Box 17, 6700 AA, Wageningen, The Netherlands
293 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...