Bacteria engineered for fuel ethanol production: current status View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2003-12

AUTHORS

B. S. Dien, M. A. Cotta, T. W. Jeffries

ABSTRACT

The lack of industrially suitable microorganisms for converting biomass into fuel ethanol has traditionally been cited as a major technical roadblock to developing a bioethanol industry. In the last two decades, numerous microorganisms have been engineered to selectively produce ethanol. Lignocellulosic biomass contains complex carbohydrates that necessitate utilizing microorganisms capable of fermenting sugars not fermentable by brewers' yeast. The most significant of these is xylose. The greatest successes have been in the engineering of Gram-negative bacteria: Escherichia coli, Klebsiella oxytoca, and Zymomonas mobilis. E. coli and K. oxytoca are naturally able to use a wide spectrum of sugars, and work has concentrated on engineering these strains to selectively produce ethanol. Z. mobilis produces ethanol at high yields, but ferments only glucose and fructose. Work on this organism has concentrated on introducing pathways for the fermentation of arabinose and xylose. The history of constructing these strains and current progress in refining them are detailed in this review. More... »

PAGES

258-266

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1999-06. Conversion of corn fiber to ethanol by recombinant E. coli strain FBR3 in JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2001-07. Fuel ethanol production from lignocellulose: a challenge for metabolic engineering and process integration in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1999-03. Evaluation of recombinant strains of Zymomonas mobilis for ethanol production from glucose/xylose media in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1998-02. Isolation and characterization of ethanol-tolerant mutants of Escherichia coli KO11 for fuel ethanol production in JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1999-03. Fermentation performance characteristics of a prehydrolyzate-adapted xylose-fermenting recombinant Zymomonas in batch and continuous fermentations in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1999-03. The effect of glucose on high-level xylose fermentations by recombinant Zymomonas in batch and fed-batch fermentations in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2000-03. Fermentations of pectin-rich biomass with recombinant bacteria to produce fuel ethanol in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1994-03-01. An interlaboratory comparison of the performance of ethanol-producing micro-organisms in a xylose-rich acid hydrolysate in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2001-07. Use of catabolite repression mutants for fermentation of sugar mixtures to ethanol in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1997-11. Conversion of corn milling fibrous co-products into ethanol by recombinant Escherichia coli strains K011 and SL40 in WORLD JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1996-08. Ethanol production from AFEX pretreated corn fiber by recombinant bacteria in BIOTECHNOLOGY LETTERS
  • 1995-07. Loss of ethanologenicity in Escherichia coli B recombinants pLOI297 and KO11 during growth in the absence of antibiotics in BIOTECHNOLOGY LETTERS
  • 1999-07. Comparative stability of ethanol production by Escherichia coliKO11 in batch and chemostat culture in JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2000-03. Characterization of a high-productivity recombinant strain of Zymomonas mobilis for ethanol production from glucose/xylose mixtures in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1996-01. Ethanol production from hemicellulose hydrolysates of agricultural residues using genetically engineeredEscherichia coli strain KO11 in JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • Journal

    TITLE

    Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

    ISSUE

    3

    VOLUME

    63

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00253-003-1444-y

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00253-003-1444-y

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006952691

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13680206


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