Functional variation at an expressed MHC class IIβ locus associates with Ranavirus infection intensity in larval anuran populations View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-04

AUTHORS

Anna E. Savage, Carly R. Muletz-Wolz, Evan H. Campbell Grant, Robert C. Fleischer, Kevin P. Mulder

ABSTRACT

Infectious diseases are causing catastrophic losses to global biodiversity. Iridoviruses in the genus Ranavirus are among the leading causes of amphibian disease-related mortality. Polymorphisms in major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes are significantly associated with variation in amphibian pathogen susceptibility. MHC genes encode two classes of polymorphic cell-surface molecules that can recognize and bind to diverse pathogen peptides. While MHC class I genes are the classic mediators of viral-acquired immunity, larval amphibians do not express them. Consequently, MHC class II gene diversity may be an important predictor of Ranavirus susceptibility in larval amphibians, the life stage most susceptible to Ranavirus. We surveyed natural populations of larval wood frogs (Rana sylvatica), which are highly susceptible to Ranavirus, across 17 ponds and 2 years in Maryland, USA. We sequenced the peptide-binding region of an expressed MHC class IIβ locus and assessed allelic and genetic diversity. We converted alleles to functional supertypes and determined if supertypes or alleles influenced host responses to Ranavirus. Among 381 sampled individuals, 26% were infected with Ranavirus. We recovered 20 unique MHC class IIβ alleles that fell into two deeply diverged clades and seven supertypes. MHC genotypes were associated with Ranavirus infection intensity, but not prevalence. Specifically, MHC heterozygotes and supertype ST1/ST7 had significantly lower Ranavirus infection intensity compared to homozygotes and other supertypes. We conclude that MHC class IIβ functional genetic variation is an important component of Ranavirus susceptibility. Identifying immunogenetic signatures linked to variation in disease susceptibility can inform mitigation strategies for combatting global amphibian declines. More... »

PAGES

335-346

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00251-019-01104-1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00251-019-01104-1

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112097576

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30761419


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    391 schema:name United States Geological Survey, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, SO Conte Anadromous Fish Research Lab, 1 Migratory Way, 01376, Turner Falls, MA, USA
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    393 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467700.2 schema:alternateName National Zoological Park
    394 schema:name Center for Conservation Genomics, Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, National Zoological Park, 3001 Connecticut Avenue NW, 20008, Washington, DC, USA
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