Organization, complexity and allelic diversity of the porcine (Sus scrofa domestica) immunoglobulin lambda locus View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2012-05

AUTHORS

John C. Schwartz, Marie-Paule Lefranc, Michael P. Murtaugh

ABSTRACT

We have characterized the organization, complexity, and expression of the porcine (Sus scrofa domestica) immunoglobulin lambda (IGL) light chain locus, which accounts for about half of antibody light chain usage in swine, yet is nearly totally unknown. Twenty-two IGL variable (IGLV) genes were identified that belong to seven subgroups. Nine genes appear to be functional. Eight possess stop codons, frameshifts, or both, and one is missing the V-EXON. Two additional genes are missing an essential cysteine residue and are classified as ORF (open reading frame). The IGLV genes are organized in two distinct clusters, a constant (C)-proximal cluster dominated by genes similar to the human IGLV3 subgroup, and a C-distal cluster dominated by genes most similar to the human IGLV8 and IGLV5 subgroups. Phylogenetic analysis reveals that the porcine IGLV8 subgroup genes have recently expanded, suggesting a particularly effective role in immunity to porcine-specific pathogens. Moreover, expression of IGLV genes is nearly exclusively restricted to the IGLV3 and IGLV8 genes. The constant locus comprises three tandem cassettes comprised of a joining (IGLJ) gene and a constant (IGLC) gene, whereas a fourth downstream IGLJ gene has no corresponding associated IGLC gene. Comparison of individual BACs generated from the same individual revealed polymorphisms in IGLC2 and several IGLV genes, indicating that allelic variation in IGLV further expands the porcine antibody light chain repertoire. More... »

PAGES

399-407

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00251-011-0594-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00251-011-0594-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032885398

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22186825


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