Constitutive expression and alternative splicing of the exons encoding SCRs in Sp152, the sea urchin homologue of complement factor B. ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2004-10

AUTHORS

David P. Terwilliger, Lori A. Clow, Paul S. Gross, L. Courtney Smith

ABSTRACT

The purple sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus, possesses a non-adaptive immune system including elements homologous to C3 and factor B (Bf) of the vertebrate complement system. SpBf is composed of motifs typical of the Bf/C2 protein family. Expression of Sp152 (encodes SpBf) was identified in the phagocyte type of coelomocyte in addition to gut, pharynx and esophagus, which may have been due to the presence of these coelomocytes in and on all tissues of the animal. Sp152 expression in coelomocytes was constitutive and non-inducible based on comparisons between pre- and post-injection with lipopolysaccharide or sterile seawater. The pattern of five short consensus repeats (SCRs) in SpBf has been considered ancestral compared to other deuterostome Bf/C2 proteins that contain either three or four SCRs. Three alternatively spliced messages were identified for Sp152 and designated Sp152Delta1, Sp152Delta4, and Sp152Delta1+Delta4, based on which of the five SCRs were deleted. Sp152Delta4 had an in-frame deletion of SCR4, which would encode a putative SpBfDelta4 protein with four SCRs rather than five. On the other hand, both Sp152Delta1 and Sp152Delta1+Delta4 had a frame-shift that introduced a stop codon six amino acids downstream of the splice site for SCR1, and would encode putative proteins composed only of the leader. Comparisons between the full-length SpBf and its several splice variants with other Bf/C2 proteins suggested that the early evolution of this gene family may have involved a combination of gene duplications and deletions of exons encoding SCRs. More... »

PAGES

531-543

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00251-004-0711-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00251-004-0711-0

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052261729

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15448941


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