The Bacterial Community Structure and Dynamics of Carbon and Nitrogen when Maize (Zea mays L.) and Its Neutral Detergent Fibre ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2016-08-18

AUTHORS

Magali De la Cruz-Barrón, Alejandra Cruz-Mendoza, Yendi E. Navarro–Noya, Victor M. Ruiz-Valdiviezo, Daniel Ortíz-Gutiérrez, Daniel A. Ramírez-Villanueva, Marco Luna-Guido, Cristian Thierfelder, Patrick C. Wall, Nele Verhulst, Bram Govaerts, Luc Dendooven

ABSTRACT

Water infiltration, soil carbon content, aggregate stability and yields increased in conservation agriculture practices compared to conventionally ploughed control treatments at the Henderson research station near Mazowe (Zimbabwe). How these changes in soil characteristics affect the bacterial community structure and the bacteria involved in the degradation of applied organic material remains unanswered. Soil was sampled from three agricultural systems at Henderson, i.e. (1) conventional mouldboard ploughing with continuous maize (conventional tillage), (2) direct seeding with a Fitarelli jab planter and continuous maize (direct seeding with continuous maize) and (3) direct seeding with a Fitarelli jab planter with rotation of maize sunn hemp (direct seeding with crop rotation). Soil was amended with young maize plants or their neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and incubated aerobically for 56 days, while C and N mineralization and the bacterial community structure were monitored. Bacillus (Bacillales), Micrococcaceae (Actinomycetales) and phylotypes belonging to the Pseudomonadales were first degraders of the applied maize plants. At day 3, Streptomyces (Actinomycetales), Chitinophagaceae ([Saprospirales]) and Dyella (Xanthomonadales) participated in the degradation of the applied maize and at day 7 Oxalobacteraceae (Burkholderiales). Phylotypes belonging to Halomonas (Oceanospirillales) were the first degraders of NDF and were replaced by Phenylobacterium (Caulobacterales) and phylotypes belonging to Pseudomonadales at day 3. Afterwards, similar bacterial groups were favoured by application of NDF as they were by the application of maize plants, but there were also clear differences. Phylotypes belonging to the Micrococcaceae and Bacillus did not participate in the degradation of NDF or its metabolic products, while phylotypes belonging to the Acidobacteriaceae participated in the degradation of NDF but not in that of maize plants. It was found that agricultural practices had a limited effect on the bacterial community structure, but application of organic material altered it substantially. More... »

PAGES

135-152

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00248-016-0807-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00248-016-0807-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053123134

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27538875


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25 schema:description Water infiltration, soil carbon content, aggregate stability and yields increased in conservation agriculture practices compared to conventionally ploughed control treatments at the Henderson research station near Mazowe (Zimbabwe). How these changes in soil characteristics affect the bacterial community structure and the bacteria involved in the degradation of applied organic material remains unanswered. Soil was sampled from three agricultural systems at Henderson, i.e. (1) conventional mouldboard ploughing with continuous maize (conventional tillage), (2) direct seeding with a Fitarelli jab planter and continuous maize (direct seeding with continuous maize) and (3) direct seeding with a Fitarelli jab planter with rotation of maize sunn hemp (direct seeding with crop rotation). Soil was amended with young maize plants or their neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and incubated aerobically for 56 days, while C and N mineralization and the bacterial community structure were monitored. Bacillus (Bacillales), Micrococcaceae (Actinomycetales) and phylotypes belonging to the Pseudomonadales were first degraders of the applied maize plants. At day 3, Streptomyces (Actinomycetales), Chitinophagaceae ([Saprospirales]) and Dyella (Xanthomonadales) participated in the degradation of the applied maize and at day 7 Oxalobacteraceae (Burkholderiales). Phylotypes belonging to Halomonas (Oceanospirillales) were the first degraders of NDF and were replaced by Phenylobacterium (Caulobacterales) and phylotypes belonging to Pseudomonadales at day 3. Afterwards, similar bacterial groups were favoured by application of NDF as they were by the application of maize plants, but there were also clear differences. Phylotypes belonging to the Micrococcaceae and Bacillus did not participate in the degradation of NDF or its metabolic products, while phylotypes belonging to the Acidobacteriaceae participated in the degradation of NDF but not in that of maize plants. It was found that agricultural practices had a limited effect on the bacterial community structure, but application of organic material altered it substantially.
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31 schema:keywords Acidobacteriaceae
32 Chitinophagaceae
33 Dyella
34 Halomonas
35 Henderson
36 Henderson Research Station
37 Mazowe
38 Micrococcaceae
39 N mineralization
40 Oxalobacteraceae
41 Phenylobacterium
42 Pseudomonadales
43 Research Station
44 Streptomyces
45 Zimbabwe
46 aggregate stability
47 agricultural practices
48 agricultural systems
49 agriculture practices
50 applications
51 applied organic materials
52 bacilli
53 bacteria
54 bacterial community structure
55 bacterial groups
56 carbon
57 carbon content
58 changes
59 characteristics
60 clear differences
61 community structure
62 conservation agriculture practices
63 content
64 continuous maize
65 control treatment
66 conventional mouldboard
67 day 3
68 days
69 degradation
70 degraders
71 detergent fiber
72 differences
73 dynamics
74 dynamics of carbon
75 effect
76 fibers
77 group
78 hemp
79 infiltration
80 limited effect
81 maize
82 maize plants
83 management practices
84 materials
85 metabolic products
86 mineralization
87 mouldboard
88 neutral detergent fiber
89 nitrogen
90 organic materials
91 phylotypes
92 planters
93 plants
94 practice
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96 rotation
97 similar bacterial groups
98 soil
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100 soil characteristics
101 stability
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104 sunn hemp
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