Lower extremity endovenous reconstruction for symptomatic occlusive disease in pediatric patients: techniques, clinical outcomes, and long-term stent patencies View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-03-09

AUTHORS

Joseph L. McDevitt, Ravi N. Srinivasa, Anthony N. Hage, Jacob J. Bundy, Joseph J. Gemmete, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Endovascular stent reconstruction is the standard of care for chronic venous occlusive disease in adults, but it has not been reported in pediatric patients. OBJECTIVE: This study reports the technical success, complications, clinical outcomes, and stent patency of iliocaval stent reconstruction for chronic iliocaval thrombosis in pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen patients, 13 (93%) male with a mean age of 16.4 years (range: 8-20 years), underwent iliocaval stent reconstruction for chronic iliocaval thrombosis. The mean number of prothrombotic risk factors was 2.5 (range: 0-4), including 7 (50%) patients with inferior vena cava atresia. At initial presentation, the Clinical, Etiology, Anatomy, and Pathophysiology classification (CEAP) score was C3 in 2 (14%) patients, C4 in 11 (79%) patients, and C6 in 1 (7.1%) patient. Time course of presenting symptoms included chronic (>4 weeks) (n=7; 50%) and acute worsening of chronic symptoms (2-4 weeks) (n=7; 50%). Aspects of recanalization and reconstruction, stenting technical success, complications, clinical outcomes and stent patency were recorded. Clinical success was defined as a 1-point decrease in the CEAP. Primary, primary-assisted, and secondary patency were defined by Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe guidelines. RESULTS: Most procedures employed three access sites (range: 2-4). Intravascular ultrasound was employed in 11 (79%) procedures. Blunt and sharp recanalization techniques were used in 12 (86%) and 2 (14%) patients, respectively. Stenting technical success was 100%. Two (14%) minor adverse events occurred and mean post-procedure hospitalization was 2.8 days (range: 1-8 days). Clinical success rates at 2 weeks, 6 months and 12 months were 85%, 82%, and 83%, respectively. At a mean final clinical follow-up of 88 months (range: 16-231 months), clinical success was 93%. Estimated 6- and 12-month primary stent patencies were 86% and 64%, respectively. Six- and 12-month primary-assisted and secondary stent patency rates were both 100%. CONCLUSION: Iliocaval stent reconstruction is an effective treatment for symptomatic chronic iliocaval thrombosis in pediatric patients with high rates of technical success, 6- and 12-month clinical success, and 6- and 12-month primary-assisted and secondary patency rates. More... »

PAGES

1-11

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Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00247-019-04357-w

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-019-04357-w

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112673263

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30852651


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42 schema:description BACKGROUND: Endovascular stent reconstruction is the standard of care for chronic venous occlusive disease in adults, but it has not been reported in pediatric patients. OBJECTIVE: This study reports the technical success, complications, clinical outcomes, and stent patency of iliocaval stent reconstruction for chronic iliocaval thrombosis in pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen patients, 13 (93%) male with a mean age of 16.4 years (range: 8-20 years), underwent iliocaval stent reconstruction for chronic iliocaval thrombosis. The mean number of prothrombotic risk factors was 2.5 (range: 0-4), including 7 (50%) patients with inferior vena cava atresia. At initial presentation, the Clinical, Etiology, Anatomy, and Pathophysiology classification (CEAP) score was C3 in 2 (14%) patients, C4 in 11 (79%) patients, and C6 in 1 (7.1%) patient. Time course of presenting symptoms included chronic (>4 weeks) (n=7; 50%) and acute worsening of chronic symptoms (2-4 weeks) (n=7; 50%). Aspects of recanalization and reconstruction, stenting technical success, complications, clinical outcomes and stent patency were recorded. Clinical success was defined as a 1-point decrease in the CEAP. Primary, primary-assisted, and secondary patency were defined by Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe guidelines. RESULTS: Most procedures employed three access sites (range: 2-4). Intravascular ultrasound was employed in 11 (79%) procedures. Blunt and sharp recanalization techniques were used in 12 (86%) and 2 (14%) patients, respectively. Stenting technical success was 100%. Two (14%) minor adverse events occurred and mean post-procedure hospitalization was 2.8 days (range: 1-8 days). Clinical success rates at 2 weeks, 6 months and 12 months were 85%, 82%, and 83%, respectively. At a mean final clinical follow-up of 88 months (range: 16-231 months), clinical success was 93%. Estimated 6- and 12-month primary stent patencies were 86% and 64%, respectively. Six- and 12-month primary-assisted and secondary stent patency rates were both 100%. CONCLUSION: Iliocaval stent reconstruction is an effective treatment for symptomatic chronic iliocaval thrombosis in pediatric patients with high rates of technical success, 6- and 12-month clinical success, and 6- and 12-month primary-assisted and secondary patency rates.
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