Ultrasound of the joints and entheses in healthy children View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2015-08

AUTHORS

Nancy A. Chauvin, Victor Ho-Fung, Diego Jaramillo, J. Christopher Edgar, Pamela F. Weiss

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Tendon insertion pathologies such as enthesitis and apophysitis in children can result from trauma, overuse syndrome and arthritis. Knowledge of the US appearance of normal joints by age might aid diagnosis of pathologies. OBJECTIVE: We describe the age-related sonographic features of the elbows, knees and feet in healthy children, providing a reference for the normal appearance of tendon insertions, apophyseal cartilage and bursae. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective cross-sectional study of 30 healthy children. Children were grouped according to age: group 1 (4-9 years, n = 11), group 2 (10-13 years, n = 9) and group 3 (14-18 years, n = 10). Children completed pain and function questionnaires and underwent a standardized joint examination by a pediatric rheumatologist. The common extensor, common flexor, quadriceps, patellar and Achilles tendons and plantar fascia insertions were evaluated with gray-scale and power Doppler ultrasound. The anterior elbow, suprapatellar and retrocalcaneal bursae were evaluated for fluid. We measured the apophyseal cartilage thickness at the enthesis. Correlation analyses examined associations between age and tendon thickness. We used ANOVA, with location as a repeated measure, to test for gender differences in cartilage thickness. RESULTS: Children had a median age of 12.4 years and 55% were boys. All 360 entheses appeared normal on gray-scale imaging. There was a strong linear relationship between tendon thickness and age. Tendon vascularity was only present in young children (group 1), in 7/22 (32%) quadriceps tendons. Peri-tendinous power Doppler signal was seen at seven sites: two patellar, four quadriceps and one common flexor tendon, and all these children were in group 2. Suprapatellar bursal fluid <3 mm was detected in 9/60 (15%) knees. Of the children in group 1, boys had thicker apophyseal cartilage than girls at the medial epicondyle, patellar poles and os calcis (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Tendon vascularity may be a normal finding in young children, and mild peri-tendinous vascularity is not uncommon in children 10-13 years of age. Tendon thickness has a linear relationship with age; however cartilage thickness varies across sites and also differs as a function of gender. More... »

PAGES

1344-1354

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00247-015-3313-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-015-3313-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035999559

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25744571


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1103", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Clinical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Adolescent", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Aging", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Cartilage, Articular", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Child", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Child, Preschool", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Female", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Fibrocartilage", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Joints", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Male", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Pennsylvania", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Reference Values", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Reproducibility of Results", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Sensitivity and Specificity", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Tendons", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Ultrasonography", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Children's Hospital of Philadelphia", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.239552.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Radiology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 19104, Philadelphia, PA, USA", 
            "Department of Radiology, The Children\u2019s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th Street and Civic Center Boulevard, 19104-4399, Philadelphia, PA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Chauvin", 
        "givenName": "Nancy A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01042354103.51", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01042354103.51"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Children's Hospital of Philadelphia", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.239552.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Radiology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 19104, Philadelphia, PA, USA", 
            "Department of Radiology, The Children\u2019s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th Street and Civic Center Boulevard, 19104-4399, Philadelphia, PA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ho-Fung", 
        "givenName": "Victor", 
        "id": "sg:person.0655144333.28", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0655144333.28"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Children's Hospital of Philadelphia", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.239552.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Radiology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 19104, Philadelphia, PA, USA", 
            "Department of Radiology, The Children\u2019s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th Street and Civic Center Boulevard, 19104-4399, Philadelphia, PA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Jaramillo", 
        "givenName": "Diego", 
        "id": "sg:person.01143370243.76", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01143370243.76"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Children's Hospital of Philadelphia", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.239552.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Radiology, The Children\u2019s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th Street and Civic Center Boulevard, 19104-4399, Philadelphia, PA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Edgar", 
        "givenName": "J. Christopher", 
        "id": "sg:person.01301022165.95", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01301022165.95"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Children's Hospital of Philadelphia", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.239552.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 19104, Philadelphia, PA, USA", 
            "Department of Pediatrics Division of Rheumatology, The Children\u2019s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Weiss", 
        "givenName": "Pamela F.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01245602410.86", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01245602410.86"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2007.01.002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001252761"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01466625", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003170266", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01466625"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/ard.61.10.905", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005310135"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/acr.20635", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005392131"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2011.01.117", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006361847"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rcl.2005.02.011", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009586431"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2004.016410", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010261257"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/jcu.20069", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010781444"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00247-012-2590-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013076562", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00247-012-2590-0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0929-8266(01)00146-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016857282"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00256-009-0738-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016947442", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00256-009-0738-2"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00256-009-0738-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016947442", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00256-009-0738-2"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00256-009-0738-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016947442", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00256-009-0738-2"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/jcu.20042", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024657954"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.100725", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025889652"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/ard.2007.084251", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026282667"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/bor.0b013e328303e1ad", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027154024"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/bor.0b013e328303e1ad", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027154024"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.100101", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035179023"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/ard.62.11.1049", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036391339"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s002560100380", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037116407", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s002560100380"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/art.38197", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037439628"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/acr.20444", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039850777"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0301-5629(03)00008-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041331764"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0301-5629(03)00008-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041331764"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/ar3516", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044369578", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/ar3516"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/ard.2004.023929", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046058500"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/ard.2005.051235", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046436293"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jus.2007.04.005", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048162977"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0029-1245374", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057210448"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2007-1001879", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057476514"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.163.2.8037037", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069318763"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.181.1.1810223", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069325555"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.110360", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071542567"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.110424", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071542604"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075295654", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077151912", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077445395", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077585887", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.159.3.3517959", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079797171"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2015-08", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2015-08-01", 
    "description": "BACKGROUND: Tendon insertion pathologies such as enthesitis and apophysitis in children can result from trauma, overuse syndrome and arthritis. Knowledge of the US appearance of normal joints by age might aid diagnosis of pathologies.\nOBJECTIVE: We describe the age-related sonographic features of the elbows, knees and feet in healthy children, providing a reference for the normal appearance of tendon insertions, apophyseal cartilage and bursae.\nMATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective cross-sectional study of 30 healthy children. Children were grouped according to age: group 1 (4-9\u00a0years, n\u2009=\u200911), group 2 (10-13\u00a0years, n\u2009=\u20099) and group 3 (14-18\u00a0years, n\u2009=\u200910). Children completed pain and function questionnaires and underwent a standardized joint examination by a pediatric rheumatologist. The common extensor, common flexor, quadriceps, patellar and Achilles tendons and plantar fascia insertions were evaluated with gray-scale and power Doppler ultrasound. The anterior elbow, suprapatellar and retrocalcaneal bursae were evaluated for fluid. We measured the apophyseal cartilage thickness at the enthesis. Correlation analyses examined associations between age and tendon thickness. We used ANOVA, with location as a repeated measure, to test for gender differences in cartilage thickness.\nRESULTS: Children had a median age of 12.4\u00a0years and 55% were boys. All 360 entheses appeared normal on gray-scale imaging. There was a strong linear relationship between tendon thickness and age. Tendon vascularity was only present in young children (group 1), in 7/22 (32%) quadriceps tendons. Peri-tendinous power Doppler signal was seen at seven sites: two patellar, four quadriceps and one common flexor tendon, and all these children were in group 2. Suprapatellar bursal fluid <3\u00a0mm was detected in 9/60 (15%) knees. Of the children in group 1, boys had thicker apophyseal cartilage than girls at the medial epicondyle, patellar poles and os calcis (P\u2009<\u20090.05).\nCONCLUSION: Tendon vascularity may be a normal finding in young children, and mild peri-tendinous vascularity is not uncommon in children 10-13\u00a0years of age. Tendon thickness has a linear relationship with age; however cartilage thickness varies across sites and also differs as a function of gender.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00247-015-3313-0", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1016713", 
        "issn": [
          "0301-0449", 
          "1432-1998"
        ], 
        "name": "Pediatric Radiology", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "9", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "45"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Ultrasound of the joints and entheses in healthy children", 
    "pagination": "1344-1354", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "ab7d5bb172a26c97e7a7aed6d2cf56a40c7bf479e5aeb43bc955e05ad7dc904f"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "25744571"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "0365332"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s00247-015-3313-0"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1035999559"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00247-015-3313-0", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035999559"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T02:14", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8700_00000533.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs00247-015-3313-0"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00247-015-3313-0'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00247-015-3313-0'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00247-015-3313-0'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00247-015-3313-0'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

273 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      81 URIs      37 LITERALS      25 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s00247-015-3313-0 schema:about N03a45f0c004844689b50e1c69ec27891
2 N0a01b9a5c5e14e80bbeb2b4966437f18
3 N10ed15e633dc43059c870cea4f10937c
4 N28e23c1e6c4e4025895f740d552534f7
5 N2b19a455b69c4dfebd2e4b72c84c8641
6 N2c7cd5c9f17a4349af769036bae4f6d9
7 N2c8c6d3a62fb4565a51843517ac6b6f7
8 N428ff42261a74814b4588a20f87885af
9 N43f1726a875d44f8bde2e16e949760b3
10 N5415576b05b046cb9b7202fa78305fbf
11 N62eabe9d34aa4da695571f4771b8a3a2
12 N86be73b8bdea4b46a4b323d4766e5d41
13 Na6638f2824f1462b96e4a44293f88de5
14 Ne93ed6171b72496fa7c36681edc08a56
15 Nf613d839ab8944aba801e391256c45f3
16 Nfdde1d1d6f2549d2a33d907d9221153d
17 anzsrc-for:11
18 anzsrc-for:1103
19 schema:author N3ed38b8e2dcd40d59b7e9e8c5e39327b
20 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf01466625
21 sg:pub.10.1007/s00247-012-2590-0
22 sg:pub.10.1007/s00256-009-0738-2
23 sg:pub.10.1007/s002560100380
24 sg:pub.10.1186/ar3516
25 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075295654
26 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077151912
27 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077445395
28 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077585887
29 https://doi.org/10.1002/acr.20444
30 https://doi.org/10.1002/acr.20635
31 https://doi.org/10.1002/art.38197
32 https://doi.org/10.1002/jcu.20042
33 https://doi.org/10.1002/jcu.20069
34 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2007.01.002
35 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2011.01.117
36 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jus.2007.04.005
37 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rcl.2005.02.011
38 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0301-5629(03)00008-5
39 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0929-8266(01)00146-x
40 https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0029-1245374
41 https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2007-1001879
42 https://doi.org/10.1097/bor.0b013e328303e1ad
43 https://doi.org/10.1136/ard.2004.023929
44 https://doi.org/10.1136/ard.2005.051235
45 https://doi.org/10.1136/ard.2007.084251
46 https://doi.org/10.1136/ard.61.10.905
47 https://doi.org/10.1136/ard.62.11.1049
48 https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2004.016410
49 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.159.3.3517959
50 https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.163.2.8037037
51 https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.181.1.1810223
52 https://doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.100101
53 https://doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.100725
54 https://doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.110360
55 https://doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.110424
56 schema:datePublished 2015-08
57 schema:datePublishedReg 2015-08-01
58 schema:description BACKGROUND: Tendon insertion pathologies such as enthesitis and apophysitis in children can result from trauma, overuse syndrome and arthritis. Knowledge of the US appearance of normal joints by age might aid diagnosis of pathologies. OBJECTIVE: We describe the age-related sonographic features of the elbows, knees and feet in healthy children, providing a reference for the normal appearance of tendon insertions, apophyseal cartilage and bursae. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective cross-sectional study of 30 healthy children. Children were grouped according to age: group 1 (4-9 years, n = 11), group 2 (10-13 years, n = 9) and group 3 (14-18 years, n = 10). Children completed pain and function questionnaires and underwent a standardized joint examination by a pediatric rheumatologist. The common extensor, common flexor, quadriceps, patellar and Achilles tendons and plantar fascia insertions were evaluated with gray-scale and power Doppler ultrasound. The anterior elbow, suprapatellar and retrocalcaneal bursae were evaluated for fluid. We measured the apophyseal cartilage thickness at the enthesis. Correlation analyses examined associations between age and tendon thickness. We used ANOVA, with location as a repeated measure, to test for gender differences in cartilage thickness. RESULTS: Children had a median age of 12.4 years and 55% were boys. All 360 entheses appeared normal on gray-scale imaging. There was a strong linear relationship between tendon thickness and age. Tendon vascularity was only present in young children (group 1), in 7/22 (32%) quadriceps tendons. Peri-tendinous power Doppler signal was seen at seven sites: two patellar, four quadriceps and one common flexor tendon, and all these children were in group 2. Suprapatellar bursal fluid <3 mm was detected in 9/60 (15%) knees. Of the children in group 1, boys had thicker apophyseal cartilage than girls at the medial epicondyle, patellar poles and os calcis (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Tendon vascularity may be a normal finding in young children, and mild peri-tendinous vascularity is not uncommon in children 10-13 years of age. Tendon thickness has a linear relationship with age; however cartilage thickness varies across sites and also differs as a function of gender.
59 schema:genre research_article
60 schema:inLanguage en
61 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
62 schema:isPartOf N26f5330071cc4d0eaa4e0cdbeee5f634
63 N2c138662f6474739a3e7e2a4850c598c
64 sg:journal.1016713
65 schema:name Ultrasound of the joints and entheses in healthy children
66 schema:pagination 1344-1354
67 schema:productId N14e3eaa820a04a5ba55fd1814a1f4933
68 N589db622e3094e27bb04c6c230a90c31
69 N59189cfd079e412caf039f932380483a
70 N7e27df7cbe2e43348b6397597d921de4
71 N9498e0a8f807408d8adf06ac4fee99e2
72 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035999559
73 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00247-015-3313-0
74 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T02:14
75 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
76 schema:sdPublisher N2b70244f072a4409af4441ebf0e060c3
77 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs00247-015-3313-0
78 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
79 sgo:sdDataset articles
80 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
81 N03a45f0c004844689b50e1c69ec27891 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
82 schema:name Female
83 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
84 N0a01b9a5c5e14e80bbeb2b4966437f18 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
85 schema:name Fibrocartilage
86 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
87 N10ed15e633dc43059c870cea4f10937c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
88 schema:name Male
89 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
90 N14e3eaa820a04a5ba55fd1814a1f4933 schema:name dimensions_id
91 schema:value pub.1035999559
92 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
93 N26f5330071cc4d0eaa4e0cdbeee5f634 schema:volumeNumber 45
94 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
95 N28e23c1e6c4e4025895f740d552534f7 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
96 schema:name Tendons
97 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
98 N2b19a455b69c4dfebd2e4b72c84c8641 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
99 schema:name Ultrasonography
100 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
101 N2b70244f072a4409af4441ebf0e060c3 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
102 rdf:type schema:Organization
103 N2c138662f6474739a3e7e2a4850c598c schema:issueNumber 9
104 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
105 N2c7cd5c9f17a4349af769036bae4f6d9 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
106 schema:name Pennsylvania
107 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
108 N2c8c6d3a62fb4565a51843517ac6b6f7 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
109 schema:name Cartilage, Articular
110 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
111 N3ed38b8e2dcd40d59b7e9e8c5e39327b rdf:first sg:person.01042354103.51
112 rdf:rest N95d148cb564844fa9e6fc13f3f389bb7
113 N428ff42261a74814b4588a20f87885af schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
114 schema:name Child
115 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
116 N43f1726a875d44f8bde2e16e949760b3 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
117 schema:name Adolescent
118 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
119 N4855130f76b546c38c95c5826d2fc074 rdf:first sg:person.01245602410.86
120 rdf:rest rdf:nil
121 N5415576b05b046cb9b7202fa78305fbf schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
122 schema:name Sensitivity and Specificity
123 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
124 N589db622e3094e27bb04c6c230a90c31 schema:name readcube_id
125 schema:value ab7d5bb172a26c97e7a7aed6d2cf56a40c7bf479e5aeb43bc955e05ad7dc904f
126 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
127 N59189cfd079e412caf039f932380483a schema:name doi
128 schema:value 10.1007/s00247-015-3313-0
129 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
130 N62eabe9d34aa4da695571f4771b8a3a2 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
131 schema:name Child, Preschool
132 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
133 N7e27df7cbe2e43348b6397597d921de4 schema:name pubmed_id
134 schema:value 25744571
135 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
136 N86be73b8bdea4b46a4b323d4766e5d41 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
137 schema:name Joints
138 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
139 N9498e0a8f807408d8adf06ac4fee99e2 schema:name nlm_unique_id
140 schema:value 0365332
141 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
142 N95d148cb564844fa9e6fc13f3f389bb7 rdf:first sg:person.0655144333.28
143 rdf:rest N98f85446574e46b383e1c043b338c905
144 N98f85446574e46b383e1c043b338c905 rdf:first sg:person.01143370243.76
145 rdf:rest Nd10c242526854a46a0341342987ff967
146 Na6638f2824f1462b96e4a44293f88de5 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
147 schema:name Reproducibility of Results
148 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
149 Nd10c242526854a46a0341342987ff967 rdf:first sg:person.01301022165.95
150 rdf:rest N4855130f76b546c38c95c5826d2fc074
151 Ne93ed6171b72496fa7c36681edc08a56 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
152 schema:name Reference Values
153 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
154 Nf613d839ab8944aba801e391256c45f3 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
155 schema:name Humans
156 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
157 Nfdde1d1d6f2549d2a33d907d9221153d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
158 schema:name Aging
159 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
160 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
161 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
162 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
163 anzsrc-for:1103 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
164 schema:name Clinical Sciences
165 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
166 sg:journal.1016713 schema:issn 0301-0449
167 1432-1998
168 schema:name Pediatric Radiology
169 rdf:type schema:Periodical
170 sg:person.01042354103.51 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.239552.a
171 schema:familyName Chauvin
172 schema:givenName Nancy A.
173 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01042354103.51
174 rdf:type schema:Person
175 sg:person.01143370243.76 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.239552.a
176 schema:familyName Jaramillo
177 schema:givenName Diego
178 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01143370243.76
179 rdf:type schema:Person
180 sg:person.01245602410.86 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.239552.a
181 schema:familyName Weiss
182 schema:givenName Pamela F.
183 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01245602410.86
184 rdf:type schema:Person
185 sg:person.01301022165.95 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.239552.a
186 schema:familyName Edgar
187 schema:givenName J. Christopher
188 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01301022165.95
189 rdf:type schema:Person
190 sg:person.0655144333.28 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.239552.a
191 schema:familyName Ho-Fung
192 schema:givenName Victor
193 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0655144333.28
194 rdf:type schema:Person
195 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01466625 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003170266
196 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01466625
197 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
198 sg:pub.10.1007/s00247-012-2590-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013076562
199 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00247-012-2590-0
200 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
201 sg:pub.10.1007/s00256-009-0738-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016947442
202 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00256-009-0738-2
203 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
204 sg:pub.10.1007/s002560100380 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037116407
205 https://doi.org/10.1007/s002560100380
206 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
207 sg:pub.10.1186/ar3516 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044369578
208 https://doi.org/10.1186/ar3516
209 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
210 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075295654 schema:CreativeWork
211 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077151912 schema:CreativeWork
212 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077445395 schema:CreativeWork
213 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077585887 schema:CreativeWork
214 https://doi.org/10.1002/acr.20444 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039850777
215 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
216 https://doi.org/10.1002/acr.20635 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005392131
217 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
218 https://doi.org/10.1002/art.38197 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037439628
219 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
220 https://doi.org/10.1002/jcu.20042 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024657954
221 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
222 https://doi.org/10.1002/jcu.20069 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010781444
223 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
224 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2007.01.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001252761
225 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
226 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2011.01.117 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006361847
227 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
228 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jus.2007.04.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048162977
229 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
230 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rcl.2005.02.011 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009586431
231 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
232 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0301-5629(03)00008-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041331764
233 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
234 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0929-8266(01)00146-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016857282
235 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
236 https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0029-1245374 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057210448
237 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
238 https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2007-1001879 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057476514
239 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
240 https://doi.org/10.1097/bor.0b013e328303e1ad schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027154024
241 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
242 https://doi.org/10.1136/ard.2004.023929 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046058500
243 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
244 https://doi.org/10.1136/ard.2005.051235 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046436293
245 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
246 https://doi.org/10.1136/ard.2007.084251 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026282667
247 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
248 https://doi.org/10.1136/ard.61.10.905 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005310135
249 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
250 https://doi.org/10.1136/ard.62.11.1049 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036391339
251 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
252 https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2004.016410 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010261257
253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
254 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.159.3.3517959 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079797171
255 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
256 https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.163.2.8037037 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069318763
257 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
258 https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.181.1.1810223 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069325555
259 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
260 https://doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.100101 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035179023
261 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
262 https://doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.100725 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025889652
263 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
264 https://doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.110360 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071542567
265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
266 https://doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.110424 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071542604
267 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
268 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.239552.a schema:alternateName Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
269 schema:name Department of Pediatrics Division of Rheumatology, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
270 Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 19104, Philadelphia, PA, USA
271 Department of Radiology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 19104, Philadelphia, PA, USA
272 Department of Radiology, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th Street and Civic Center Boulevard, 19104-4399, Philadelphia, PA, USA
273 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...