Clinical impact of gadolinium in the MRI diagnosis of musculoskeletal infection in children View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2010-07

AUTHORS

J. Herman Kan, Robert S. Young, Chang Yu, Marta Hernanz-Schulman

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The incremental value of gadolinium in the diagnosis of musculoskeletal infection by MRI is controversial. OBJECTIVE: To compare diagnostic utility of noncontrast with contrast MRI in the evaluation of pediatric musculoskeletal infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 90 gadolinium-enhanced MRIs in children with suspected musculoskeletal infection. Noncontrast and contrast MRI scans were evaluated to determine sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of musculoskeletal infection and identification of abscesses. RESULTS: Pre- and post-contrast diagnosis of osteomyelitis sensitivity was 89% and 91% (P = 1.00) and specificity was 96% and 96% (P = 1.00), respectively; septic arthritis sensitivity was 50% and 67% (P = 1.00) and specificity was 98% and 98% (P = 1.00), respectively; cellulitis/myositis sensitivity was 100% and 100% (P = 1.00) and specificity was 84% and 88% (P = 0.59), respectively; abscess for the total group was 22 (24.4%) and 42 (46.6%), respectively (P < 0.0001). Abscesses identified only on contrast sequences led to intervention in eight additional children. No child with a final diagnosis of infection had a normal pre-contrast study. CONCLUSION: Intravenous gadolinium should not be routinely administered in the imaging work-up of nonspinal musculoskeletal infections, particularly when pre-contrast images are normal. However, gadolinium contrast significantly increases the detection of abscesses, particularly small ones that might not require surgical intervention. More... »

PAGES

1197-1205

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00247-010-1557-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-010-1557-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047148062

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20180105


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