Measurement of Atrial Septal Defect Size: A Comparative Study Between Three-Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiography and the Standard Balloon Sizing Methods View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2000-09

AUTHORS

W. Zhu, Q.-L. Cao, J. Rhodes, Z.M. Hijazi

ABSTRACT

Atrial septal defect (ASD) size measurement is of paramount importance for the successful deployment of a transcatheter septal occluder. The stretched balloon diameter (SBD) has long been regarded as the gold standard for selection of the size of any device. Three-dimensional (3-D) transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) can visualize the overall structure of the atrial septum, therefore rendering an accurate size of the ASD. In this study we aimed to validate the accuracy of ASD size measurement by 3-D TEE and to elucidate the reason for the difference between balloon sizing and 3-D measurement. Forty-one consecutive patients were enrolled in this protocol for ASD device closure using the Amplatzer septal occluder. Thirty-nine patients were diagnosed by 2-D transthoracic echocardiography as secundum ASD and 2 patients were diagnosed as patent foramen ovale. Two measurements of the balloon size were sequentially obtained by 2-D TEE after the balloon was fully inflated in the left atrium. First, no residual shunt across the septum could be seen while the balloon was pulled back against the septum. This measurement was called the balloon occlusive diameter (BOD). Second, with balloon deflation, a slight deformity of the balloon was seen just prior to its popping through the septum. This measurement was called the stretched balloon diameter (SBD). Three-dimensional TEE was performed in all patients at the beginning of the procedure before device deployment and within 15 minutes after device release. Three-dimensional TEE provided superior views of the ASDs, showing the spatial relationship between the ASD and the neighboring structures. For maximal ASD size measurement, balloon sizing was larger than 3-D TEE examination, whereas 2-D was smaller than the other two methods. The best correlation was found between 3-D TEE measurements and the BOD (r = 0.98, p < 0.0001). Three-dimensional TEE provides en face view of ASD; thus, it can accurately measure the size of ASD. Three-dimensional TEE measurement of ASD can be used instead of balloon sizing for the selection of transcatheter ASD occluder size. More... »

PAGES

465-469

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s002460010111

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002460010111

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002225244

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10982709


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1102", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Adolescent", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Adult", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Aged", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Cardiac Catheterization", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Catheterization", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Child", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Child, Preschool", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Echocardiography, Transesophageal", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Fluoroscopy", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Heart Septal Defects, Atrial", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Linear Models", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Middle Aged", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Observer Variation", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Tufts University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.429997.8", 
          "name": [
            "Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Floating Hospital for Children at New England Medical Center and Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, USA, US"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Zhu", 
        "givenName": "W.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01163345700.82", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01163345700.82"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Tufts University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.429997.8", 
          "name": [
            "Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Floating Hospital for Children at New England Medical Center and Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, USA, US"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Cao", 
        "givenName": "Q.-L.", 
        "id": "sg:person.011366130062.28", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011366130062.28"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Tufts University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.429997.8", 
          "name": [
            "Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Floating Hospital for Children at New England Medical Center and Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, USA, US"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rhodes", 
        "givenName": "J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0670176001.45", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0670176001.45"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Tufts University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.429997.8", 
          "name": [
            "Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Floating Hospital for Children at New England Medical Center and Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, USA, US"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hijazi", 
        "givenName": "Z.M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01365136726.99", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01365136726.99"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9149(90)90741-i", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002175539"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1161/01.cir.88.4.1754", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003744437"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/hrt.49.4.350", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009461087"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s1047951100006892", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011511066"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1097-0304(199712)42:4<388::aid-ccd7>3.0.co;2-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013118133"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-8703(93)91008-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019338193"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-8703(91)91008-b", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028601867"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9149(78)90012-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032263313"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9149(90)90590-w", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032827489"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0735-1097(95)92908-n", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040839244"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0735-1097(93)90594-q", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047421100"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1161/01.cir.96.6.1722", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063338414"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2000-09", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2000-09-01", 
    "description": "Atrial septal defect (ASD) size measurement is of paramount importance for the successful deployment of a transcatheter septal occluder. The stretched balloon diameter (SBD) has long been regarded as the gold standard for selection of the size of any device. Three-dimensional (3-D) transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) can visualize the overall structure of the atrial septum, therefore rendering an accurate size of the ASD. In this study we aimed to validate the accuracy of ASD size measurement by 3-D TEE and to elucidate the reason for the difference between balloon sizing and 3-D measurement. Forty-one consecutive patients were enrolled in this protocol for ASD device closure using the Amplatzer septal occluder. Thirty-nine patients were diagnosed by 2-D transthoracic echocardiography as secundum ASD and 2 patients were diagnosed as patent foramen ovale. Two measurements of the balloon size were sequentially obtained by 2-D TEE after the balloon was fully inflated in the left atrium. First, no residual shunt across the septum could be seen while the balloon was pulled back against the septum. This measurement was called the balloon occlusive diameter (BOD). Second, with balloon deflation, a slight deformity of the balloon was seen just prior to its popping through the septum. This measurement was called the stretched balloon diameter (SBD). Three-dimensional TEE was performed in all patients at the beginning of the procedure before device deployment and within 15 minutes after device release. Three-dimensional TEE provided superior views of the ASDs, showing the spatial relationship between the ASD and the neighboring structures. For maximal ASD size measurement, balloon sizing was larger than 3-D TEE examination, whereas 2-D was smaller than the other two methods. The best correlation was found between 3-D TEE measurements and the BOD (r = 0.98, p < 0.0001). Three-dimensional TEE provides en face view of ASD; thus, it can accurately measure the size of ASD. Three-dimensional TEE measurement of ASD can be used instead of balloon sizing for the selection of transcatheter ASD occluder size.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s002460010111", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1091102", 
        "issn": [
          "0172-0643", 
          "1432-1971"
        ], 
        "name": "Pediatric Cardiology", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "5", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "21"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Measurement of Atrial Septal Defect Size: A Comparative Study Between Three-Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiography and the Standard Balloon Sizing Methods", 
    "pagination": "465-469", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "0a9850a8c4ee997b3da59ef7e107cd542baab31e46712f95138155868b6d9caf"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10982709"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "8003849"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s002460010111"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1002225244"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s002460010111", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002225244"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T20:46", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8684_00000509.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs002460010111"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s002460010111'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s002460010111'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s002460010111'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s002460010111'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

186 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      56 URIs      36 LITERALS      24 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s002460010111 schema:about N035f398757f6457983d4b0cdea8f706c
2 N08839e6cb92447deb639578c1e344f7e
3 N2af9a3e4566f49818deb9ac40f58b6e9
4 N311275e929b24b13876af885a41877b6
5 N36d29d0fd162456cad73180ace1d6f82
6 N40be087eb67f4149800554c50f36ac1e
7 N498c7c9cc4cd437c8566c98fbb186115
8 N56d2537e65814fd9a0484064a584afb5
9 N6ceb0e6fc3834df09014b7b80e12110d
10 N7a05b8635520489994f947b153b50b1c
11 N99138de7866540bcb658d81f33b0697e
12 N9e779766e1374c4591e347d710920003
13 Na56300ae4bee400aba72914de3433de6
14 Naa1ccf03558e424ca5f19b6fb36490ad
15 Ncf96ab57547a44709bf8bdffb61a3a3a
16 anzsrc-for:11
17 anzsrc-for:1102
18 schema:author Na23a226570514e32a006ad9e066fbf15
19 schema:citation https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1097-0304(199712)42:4<388::aid-ccd7>3.0.co;2-7
20 https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-8703(91)91008-b
21 https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-8703(93)91008-3
22 https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9149(78)90012-7
23 https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9149(90)90590-w
24 https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9149(90)90741-i
25 https://doi.org/10.1016/0735-1097(93)90594-q
26 https://doi.org/10.1016/0735-1097(95)92908-n
27 https://doi.org/10.1017/s1047951100006892
28 https://doi.org/10.1136/hrt.49.4.350
29 https://doi.org/10.1161/01.cir.88.4.1754
30 https://doi.org/10.1161/01.cir.96.6.1722
31 schema:datePublished 2000-09
32 schema:datePublishedReg 2000-09-01
33 schema:description Atrial septal defect (ASD) size measurement is of paramount importance for the successful deployment of a transcatheter septal occluder. The stretched balloon diameter (SBD) has long been regarded as the gold standard for selection of the size of any device. Three-dimensional (3-D) transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) can visualize the overall structure of the atrial septum, therefore rendering an accurate size of the ASD. In this study we aimed to validate the accuracy of ASD size measurement by 3-D TEE and to elucidate the reason for the difference between balloon sizing and 3-D measurement. Forty-one consecutive patients were enrolled in this protocol for ASD device closure using the Amplatzer septal occluder. Thirty-nine patients were diagnosed by 2-D transthoracic echocardiography as secundum ASD and 2 patients were diagnosed as patent foramen ovale. Two measurements of the balloon size were sequentially obtained by 2-D TEE after the balloon was fully inflated in the left atrium. First, no residual shunt across the septum could be seen while the balloon was pulled back against the septum. This measurement was called the balloon occlusive diameter (BOD). Second, with balloon deflation, a slight deformity of the balloon was seen just prior to its popping through the septum. This measurement was called the stretched balloon diameter (SBD). Three-dimensional TEE was performed in all patients at the beginning of the procedure before device deployment and within 15 minutes after device release. Three-dimensional TEE provided superior views of the ASDs, showing the spatial relationship between the ASD and the neighboring structures. For maximal ASD size measurement, balloon sizing was larger than 3-D TEE examination, whereas 2-D was smaller than the other two methods. The best correlation was found between 3-D TEE measurements and the BOD (r = 0.98, p < 0.0001). Three-dimensional TEE provides en face view of ASD; thus, it can accurately measure the size of ASD. Three-dimensional TEE measurement of ASD can be used instead of balloon sizing for the selection of transcatheter ASD occluder size.
34 schema:genre research_article
35 schema:inLanguage en
36 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
37 schema:isPartOf N2ca0bbff04d046a18a275ea6bc531bac
38 N3b53b36f41bd47609691865aaede131e
39 sg:journal.1091102
40 schema:name Measurement of Atrial Septal Defect Size: A Comparative Study Between Three-Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiography and the Standard Balloon Sizing Methods
41 schema:pagination 465-469
42 schema:productId N2059c39e1c0843b48c9d66200b1dc041
43 Na618f0f131ff49ba849d04a2ca8c7eea
44 Na8f061f063dd4e2f895b6d52f175c3cb
45 Nc7225be7e403425e8996f14cdd9806c2
46 Ncd9fee90976f484cbb45d37cb3588aac
47 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002225244
48 https://doi.org/10.1007/s002460010111
49 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T20:46
50 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
51 schema:sdPublisher Nf598db767ff94719b4f41bdb48f384db
52 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs002460010111
53 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
54 sgo:sdDataset articles
55 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
56 N035f398757f6457983d4b0cdea8f706c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
57 schema:name Fluoroscopy
58 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
59 N08839e6cb92447deb639578c1e344f7e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
60 schema:name Catheterization
61 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
62 N2059c39e1c0843b48c9d66200b1dc041 schema:name doi
63 schema:value 10.1007/s002460010111
64 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
65 N2af9a3e4566f49818deb9ac40f58b6e9 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
66 schema:name Observer Variation
67 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
68 N2ca0bbff04d046a18a275ea6bc531bac schema:issueNumber 5
69 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
70 N311275e929b24b13876af885a41877b6 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
71 schema:name Middle Aged
72 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
73 N36d29d0fd162456cad73180ace1d6f82 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
74 schema:name Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional
75 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
76 N3b53b36f41bd47609691865aaede131e schema:volumeNumber 21
77 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
78 N40be087eb67f4149800554c50f36ac1e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
79 schema:name Aged
80 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
81 N498c7c9cc4cd437c8566c98fbb186115 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
82 schema:name Child, Preschool
83 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
84 N56d2537e65814fd9a0484064a584afb5 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
85 schema:name Adult
86 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
87 N6ceb0e6fc3834df09014b7b80e12110d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
88 schema:name Linear Models
89 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
90 N7a05b8635520489994f947b153b50b1c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
91 schema:name Cardiac Catheterization
92 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
93 N99138de7866540bcb658d81f33b0697e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
94 schema:name Humans
95 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
96 N9e779766e1374c4591e347d710920003 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
97 schema:name Echocardiography, Transesophageal
98 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
99 Na23a226570514e32a006ad9e066fbf15 rdf:first sg:person.01163345700.82
100 rdf:rest Nb96272f3dcd7494687acc0b52c8e9cde
101 Na56300ae4bee400aba72914de3433de6 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
102 schema:name Child
103 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
104 Na618f0f131ff49ba849d04a2ca8c7eea schema:name pubmed_id
105 schema:value 10982709
106 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
107 Na8f061f063dd4e2f895b6d52f175c3cb schema:name nlm_unique_id
108 schema:value 8003849
109 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
110 Naa1ccf03558e424ca5f19b6fb36490ad schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
111 schema:name Adolescent
112 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
113 Nb1b61e4c7c874565ba4390088a168379 rdf:first sg:person.01365136726.99
114 rdf:rest rdf:nil
115 Nb96272f3dcd7494687acc0b52c8e9cde rdf:first sg:person.011366130062.28
116 rdf:rest Nd77e6c6a036345118ddb9b71d13e474a
117 Nc7225be7e403425e8996f14cdd9806c2 schema:name readcube_id
118 schema:value 0a9850a8c4ee997b3da59ef7e107cd542baab31e46712f95138155868b6d9caf
119 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
120 Ncd9fee90976f484cbb45d37cb3588aac schema:name dimensions_id
121 schema:value pub.1002225244
122 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
123 Ncf96ab57547a44709bf8bdffb61a3a3a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
124 schema:name Heart Septal Defects, Atrial
125 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
126 Nd77e6c6a036345118ddb9b71d13e474a rdf:first sg:person.0670176001.45
127 rdf:rest Nb1b61e4c7c874565ba4390088a168379
128 Nf598db767ff94719b4f41bdb48f384db schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
129 rdf:type schema:Organization
130 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
131 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
132 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
133 anzsrc-for:1102 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
134 schema:name Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
135 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
136 sg:journal.1091102 schema:issn 0172-0643
137 1432-1971
138 schema:name Pediatric Cardiology
139 rdf:type schema:Periodical
140 sg:person.011366130062.28 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.429997.8
141 schema:familyName Cao
142 schema:givenName Q.-L.
143 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011366130062.28
144 rdf:type schema:Person
145 sg:person.01163345700.82 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.429997.8
146 schema:familyName Zhu
147 schema:givenName W.
148 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01163345700.82
149 rdf:type schema:Person
150 sg:person.01365136726.99 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.429997.8
151 schema:familyName Hijazi
152 schema:givenName Z.M.
153 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01365136726.99
154 rdf:type schema:Person
155 sg:person.0670176001.45 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.429997.8
156 schema:familyName Rhodes
157 schema:givenName J.
158 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0670176001.45
159 rdf:type schema:Person
160 https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1097-0304(199712)42:4<388::aid-ccd7>3.0.co;2-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013118133
161 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
162 https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-8703(91)91008-b schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028601867
163 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
164 https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-8703(93)91008-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019338193
165 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
166 https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9149(78)90012-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032263313
167 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
168 https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9149(90)90590-w schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032827489
169 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
170 https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9149(90)90741-i schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002175539
171 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
172 https://doi.org/10.1016/0735-1097(93)90594-q schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047421100
173 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
174 https://doi.org/10.1016/0735-1097(95)92908-n schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040839244
175 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
176 https://doi.org/10.1017/s1047951100006892 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011511066
177 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
178 https://doi.org/10.1136/hrt.49.4.350 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009461087
179 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
180 https://doi.org/10.1161/01.cir.88.4.1754 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003744437
181 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
182 https://doi.org/10.1161/01.cir.96.6.1722 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063338414
183 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
184 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.429997.8 schema:alternateName Tufts University
185 schema:name Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Floating Hospital for Children at New England Medical Center and Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, USA, US
186 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...