Risk Factors for Development of Ectopic Atrial Tachycardia in Post-operative Congenital Heart Disease View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-03

AUTHORS

Bradley C. Clark, John T. Berger, Charles I. Berul, Richard A. Jonas, Jonathan R. Kaltman, Julianne Lapsa, Dilip S. Nath, Elizabeth D. Sherwin, Pranava Sinha, David Zurakowski, Jeffrey P. Moak

ABSTRACT

Ectopic atrial tachycardia (EAT) is common in surgically repaired congenital heart disease (CHD) and carries the potential for significant hemodynamic compromise. Our objective was to determine the incidence, and risk factors of EAT after CHD surgery. Prospective study of patients that underwent surgery for CHD from February to October 2016 was performed. Demographic, perioperative and electrophysiologic data were collected. Sustained EAT (> 30 s) was documented by telemetry or electrocardiogram and confirmed by a pediatric electrophysiologist. All patients were followed through index hospitalization. During the study period, 17/204 (8%) of patients developed EAT with median time-to-event of 14 days. 15/17 (88%) received anti-arrhythmic therapy for sustained EAT. By univariate analysis, younger age (5 vs. 284 days, P < .001), lower weight (3.2 vs. 7.5 kg, P < .001), single ventricle physiology (P = .05), longer cardiopulmonary bypass time (176 vs. 94 min, P < .001), need for delayed sternal closure (P < .001), and higher STAT category (P < .001) were associated with EAT. Incidence among single ventricle patients was 7/44 (16%), and of those 7/13 (54%) were < 30 days of age. Multivariable Cox regression analysis confirmed age at surgery < 30 days (hazard ratio = 11.7, P = .002) and use of milrinone (hazard ratio = 4.4, P = .007) as independent predictors of EAT. Post-operative EAT is frequent following surgery for CHD especially in neonates. Further study is warranted, specifically in the single ventricle population, given the high potential risk for arrhythmia-induced hemodynamic compromise in this vulnerable population. More... »

PAGES

459-465

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00246-017-1773-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00246-017-1773-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092746271

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29147786


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38 schema:description Ectopic atrial tachycardia (EAT) is common in surgically repaired congenital heart disease (CHD) and carries the potential for significant hemodynamic compromise. Our objective was to determine the incidence, and risk factors of EAT after CHD surgery. Prospective study of patients that underwent surgery for CHD from February to October 2016 was performed. Demographic, perioperative and electrophysiologic data were collected. Sustained EAT (> 30 s) was documented by telemetry or electrocardiogram and confirmed by a pediatric electrophysiologist. All patients were followed through index hospitalization. During the study period, 17/204 (8%) of patients developed EAT with median time-to-event of 14 days. 15/17 (88%) received anti-arrhythmic therapy for sustained EAT. By univariate analysis, younger age (5 vs. 284 days, P < .001), lower weight (3.2 vs. 7.5 kg, P < .001), single ventricle physiology (P = .05), longer cardiopulmonary bypass time (176 vs. 94 min, P < .001), need for delayed sternal closure (P < .001), and higher STAT category (P < .001) were associated with EAT. Incidence among single ventricle patients was 7/44 (16%), and of those 7/13 (54%) were < 30 days of age. Multivariable Cox regression analysis confirmed age at surgery < 30 days (hazard ratio = 11.7, P = .002) and use of milrinone (hazard ratio = 4.4, P = .007) as independent predictors of EAT. Post-operative EAT is frequent following surgery for CHD especially in neonates. Further study is warranted, specifically in the single ventricle population, given the high potential risk for arrhythmia-induced hemodynamic compromise in this vulnerable population.
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