The Outcome of Open Heart Surgery for Congenital Heart Disease in Infants With Low Body Weight Less Than 2500 g View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2011-06

AUTHORS

Dong-Man Seo, Jeong-Jun Park, Tae-Jin Yun, Young-Hwue Kim, Jae-Kon Ko, In-Sook Park, Won Kyoung Jhang

ABSTRACT

Although the outcome of neonatal cardiac surgery has dramatically improved, low body weight (LBW) is still considered an important risk for open heart surgery. The factors contributing to poor outcomes in LBW infants, however, are still unclear. We investigated risk factors for poor outcomes in infants weighing <2500 g who underwent surgical correction with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). From January 1995 to December 2009, 102 consecutive patients were included in this study. Median age and body weight at the time of surgery was 19 (range 1 to 365) days and 2.23 kg (range 1.3 to 2.5), respectively. Corrective surgery was performed on 75 infants. The median follow-up duration was 45.03 months (range 0.33 to 155.23). There were 23 (22.5%) hospital mortalities. Emergency surgery and low cardiac output (LCO) were associated with early mortality; however, body weight, Aristotle basic complex score, and type of surgery was not. Early morbidities, including delayed sterna closure, arrhythmia, and chylothorax, occurred in 39 (38.2%) infants. The overall actuarial survival rate at 10 years was 74.95% ± 4.37%. In conclusion, among infants weighing <2500 g who underwent open heart surgery with CPB, perioperative hemodynamic status, such as emergency surgery and LCO, strongly influenced early mortality. In contrast, LBW itself was not associated with patient morbidity or mortality. More... »

PAGES

578-584

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00246-011-9910-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00246-011-9910-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034900582

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21347835


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48 schema:description Although the outcome of neonatal cardiac surgery has dramatically improved, low body weight (LBW) is still considered an important risk for open heart surgery. The factors contributing to poor outcomes in LBW infants, however, are still unclear. We investigated risk factors for poor outcomes in infants weighing <2500 g who underwent surgical correction with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). From January 1995 to December 2009, 102 consecutive patients were included in this study. Median age and body weight at the time of surgery was 19 (range 1 to 365) days and 2.23 kg (range 1.3 to 2.5), respectively. Corrective surgery was performed on 75 infants. The median follow-up duration was 45.03 months (range 0.33 to 155.23). There were 23 (22.5%) hospital mortalities. Emergency surgery and low cardiac output (LCO) were associated with early mortality; however, body weight, Aristotle basic complex score, and type of surgery was not. Early morbidities, including delayed sterna closure, arrhythmia, and chylothorax, occurred in 39 (38.2%) infants. The overall actuarial survival rate at 10 years was 74.95% ± 4.37%. In conclusion, among infants weighing <2500 g who underwent open heart surgery with CPB, perioperative hemodynamic status, such as emergency surgery and LCO, strongly influenced early mortality. In contrast, LBW itself was not associated with patient morbidity or mortality.
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