Postoperative Use of Oral Sildenafil in Pediatric Patients with Congenital Heart Disease View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2010-05

AUTHORS

Ju Yeon Uhm, Won-Kyoung Jhang, Jeong-Jun Park, Dong-Man Seo, Sung-Cheol Yun, Tae-Jin Yun

ABSTRACT

We sought to determine the efficacy of postoperative oral sildenafil therapy (OST) in pediatric patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). A retrospective review of 45 postoperative patients with CHD who received OST was performed. Patients were categorized into three groups according to clinical indications: (1) to stabilize pulmonary vascular reactivity after biventricular repair (group 1 [n = 15]), (2) to lower pulmonary vascular resistance after bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt (group 2 [n = 12]), and (3) to improve post-Fontan hemodynamics (group 3 [n = 18]). Thirty-four patients (34 of 45 [75.6%]) had received inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) while on OST. Mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP), mean systemic blood pressure (mSBP), and peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) were recorded during the first 24 hours after the initiation of OST. In group 1, the baseline mPAP/mSBP ratio (0.60 +/- 0.17) decreased significantly after the second (0.46 +/- 0.14, p = 0.004) and fourth (0.50 +/- 0.18, p = 0.025) doses of OST. In group 2, baseline SpO(2) (71.0 +/- 12.3%) increased after the fourth dose (75.1 +/- 12.3%, p = 0.04) of OST, without significant changes in mPAP. In group 3, baseline mPAP (14.8 +/- 3.3 mmHg) decreased significantly after the first (13.9 +/- 2.8 mmHg, p = 0.025) and second (13.3 +/- 1.9 mmHg, p = 0.016) doses of OST, without changes in SpO(2). In thirty-one (31 of 34 [92%]) subjects, iNO was discontinued within a median of 2 days after the initiation of OST, without rebound phenomena. There were no OST-related complications. Sildenafil citrate can be used safely in postoperative pediatric patients with CHD. Benefits from OST may be manifested differently in various clinical settings. More... »

PAGES

515-520

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00246-009-9632-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00246-009-9632-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026514547

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20054528


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58 schema:description We sought to determine the efficacy of postoperative oral sildenafil therapy (OST) in pediatric patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). A retrospective review of 45 postoperative patients with CHD who received OST was performed. Patients were categorized into three groups according to clinical indications: (1) to stabilize pulmonary vascular reactivity after biventricular repair (group 1 [n = 15]), (2) to lower pulmonary vascular resistance after bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt (group 2 [n = 12]), and (3) to improve post-Fontan hemodynamics (group 3 [n = 18]). Thirty-four patients (34 of 45 [75.6%]) had received inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) while on OST. Mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP), mean systemic blood pressure (mSBP), and peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) were recorded during the first 24 hours after the initiation of OST. In group 1, the baseline mPAP/mSBP ratio (0.60 +/- 0.17) decreased significantly after the second (0.46 +/- 0.14, p = 0.004) and fourth (0.50 +/- 0.18, p = 0.025) doses of OST. In group 2, baseline SpO(2) (71.0 +/- 12.3%) increased after the fourth dose (75.1 +/- 12.3%, p = 0.04) of OST, without significant changes in mPAP. In group 3, baseline mPAP (14.8 +/- 3.3 mmHg) decreased significantly after the first (13.9 +/- 2.8 mmHg, p = 0.025) and second (13.3 +/- 1.9 mmHg, p = 0.016) doses of OST, without changes in SpO(2). In thirty-one (31 of 34 [92%]) subjects, iNO was discontinued within a median of 2 days after the initiation of OST, without rebound phenomena. There were no OST-related complications. Sildenafil citrate can be used safely in postoperative pediatric patients with CHD. Benefits from OST may be manifested differently in various clinical settings.
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