Effects of Multiple Exposures of Small Doses of Pembina Cardium Crude Oil and Diesel in Rats View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2001-03

AUTHORS

A. A. Khan, R. W. Coppock, M. M. Schuler

ABSTRACT

In lands used for agricultural purposes, petroleum- or diesel-contaminated wastes and accidental spills of crude oil at some drilling sites pose exposure risks for occupational public, livestock, and wildlife. This study has assessed the effects of an Alberta crude oil, Pembina Cardium crude oil (PCCO), and a commercial diesel fuel #2 (CDF-2) in Sprague-Dawley rats after repeated exposures at small dose levels. Rats were given by gavage on day 1, 3, 5, and 8 specified dosages of either the control vehicle, methylcellulose (MC) (1.25 ml/kg), or PCCO (0.25–1.25 ml/kg), or CDF-2 (1.25 ml/kg). Exposure of rats to these dose levels of the test substances caused no overt symptoms of intoxication. A small but statistically significant increase in liver somatic index was observed in rats exposed to 1.25 ml/kg doses of PCCO and CDF-2; however, kidney somatic index was not significantly affected by these treatments. Blood analyses for hematological and clinical indicators of systemic impairments did not show any significant changes (p > 0.05) between the control and PCCO- or CDF-2-exposed rats. Biochemical assessment of liver and kidney tissues showed that compared to the control group, the PCCO- and CDF-2-exposed groups had a marked and significant increase (p < 0.05) in the hepatic activity of ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD, a cytochrome P-450 [CYP] 1A1/A2–linked enzyme). In PCCO-exposed rats, the induction of EROD was dose-dependent. Exposure of rats with PCCO and CDF-2 also caused dose-related increases from the unexposed (control) or MC dosed rats in (1) hepatic activities of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH, a CYP 1A1–linked enzyme), ethoxycoumarin-O-deethylase (ECOD, a CYP 2B/1A–linked enzyme), glutathione transferase (GT), and NADPH-catalyzed microsomal lipid peroxidation; and (ii) ECOD activity in kidneys. The induction of hepatic CYP-linked enzymatic activities by PCCO and CDF-2 could be due to de novo synthesis of selected isoforms, as evidenced by the relative differences in the inhibition of EROD activity with 7,8-benzoflavone or metyrapone. More... »

PAGES

418-424

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s002440010192

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002440010192

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005750600

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11443375


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