Effects of Dissolved Organic Material on Binding and Toxicokinetics of Pyrene in the Waterflea Daphnia magna View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2001-03

AUTHORS

A. Nikkilä, J. V. K. Kukkonen

ABSTRACT

The binding and bioavailability of pyrene was studied in the laboratory in two humic fresh waters and in a reference water without dissolved organic material (DOM), measured as dissolved organic carbon (DOC). The uptake of pyrene by Daphnia magna in short-term (24 h) accumulation experiments was fitted to a first-order rate-kinetic equation to calculate simultaneous uptake and elimination rates. The partition coefficients of pyrene to DOC (KDOC) were 37.1 x 103 in Pielisjoki River (9.4 mg DOC L(-1)), and 34.9 x 103 in Lake Kontiolampi (17.4 mg DOC L(-1)) waters, indicating similar binding affinities of pyrene for both humic waters. The uptake clearance of pyrene (ku) in the DOC-rich Lake Kontiolampi water was 290.4 ml g wet weight(-1) h(-1), which was lower than those in Pielisjoki River and DOC-free waters (395.8 and 346.0 ml g wet weight(-1) h(-1), respectively). Pyrene elimination (ke) was in average 0.2 h(-1) with no significant differences between the waters. The observed bioconcentration factors of pyrene in Pielisjoki River and Lake Kontiolampi waters were 84% and 46% of that in the DOC-free reference water, respectively, thus indicating that a high concentration of DOC is needed to decrease the bioavailability of waterborne pyrene to D. magna. More... »

PAGES

333-338

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s002440010180

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002440010180

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009512693

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11443363


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