Enhanced Inhibitory Effects of TBT Chloride on the Development of F1 Rats View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2010-05

AUTHORS

H. Asakawa, M. Tsunoda, T. Kaido, M. Hosokawa, C. Sugaya, Y. Inoue, Y. Kudo, T. Satoh, H. Katagiri, H. Akita, M. Saji, M. Wakasa, T. Negishi, T. Tashiro, Y. Aizawa

ABSTRACT

Neurotoxicity is one of the major effects of tributyltin (TBT). The effects on the next generation of F(1) rats exposed to TBT via the placenta and their dams' milk may be stronger than those on adults. Pregnant Wister rats were exposed to TBT at 0 and 125 ppm in their food. Half of the female F(1) rats in both groups were exposed to TBT at 125 ppm in their food from 9 to 15 weeks of age. Female F(1) rats were divided into the following groups: the control-control (CC) group, with no exposure; the TBT-control (TC) group, exposed to TBT via the placenta and their dams' milk; the control-TBT (CT) group, exposed to TBT via their food from 9 to 15 weeks of age; and the TBT-TBT (TT) group, exposed to TBT via the placenta, their dams' milk, and their food (n = 10/group). After administration, an open-field test and prepulse inhibition (PPI) test were performed at 15 weeks of age. The mean body weights of the TC and TT groups were significantly lower than that of the CC group from 9 to 15 weeks of age. The mean relative thymus weight of the TC and TT groups was significantly lower than that of the CC group. In the open-field test, a marked decrease in the total locomotion distance was observed in the TT group. The mean values in the TT and TC groups were significantly lower than that in the CC group. For the locomotion distance between 15 and 20 min, the mean values in the CT, TC, and TT groups were significantly lower than that in the CC group. The mean locomotor distance between 25 and 30 min in the TT group was significantly lower than that in the CC and TC groups. The mean values of instances of wall rearing in the TC, CT, and TT groups were significantly lower than that in the CC group. The mean value of face washing or body washing in the TT group was significantly lower than that in the CT group. There were no significant differences in indexes of the PPI test. Exposure to TBT via the placenta and their dams' milk inhibited the development of F(1) rats, which continued after weaning. Inhibition of the rats' activity induced by exposure to TBT via the placenta and their dams' milk and/or via their food was suggested. The effects were most evident in the TT group. More... »

PAGES

1065-1073

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00244-009-9421-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00244-009-9421-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029789029

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19937321


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