Acrosome Reaction of Sperm in the Mud Crab Scylla serrata as a Sensitive Toxicity Test for Metal Exposures View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2009-04-28

AUTHORS

Ziping Zhang, Hua Cheng, Yilei Wang, Shuhong Wang, Fangjing Xie, Shaojin Li

ABSTRACT

In order to test the sensitivity of the sperm cell of the mud crab Scylla serrata to heavy metals, the toxic effects of Ag+, Cd2+, Cu2+, and Zn2+ on the acrosome reaction (AR) were studied by artificially inducing the AR of sperm exposed to heavy metals, counting the AR rates by light microscopy, and observing structural changes in sperm by transmission electron microscopy. The AR in S. serrata occurs at two stages. The first stage (ARI) is the eversion of the subacrosomal material. The second stage (ARII) is the ejection of the acrosomal filament. The results showed the EC50 values of the AR based on (ARI + ARII)% for Ag+, Cd2+, Cu2+, and Zn2+ were 10.02, 2.14, 13.69, and 2.21 μg/L, and the EC50 values based on ARII % of Ag+, Cd2+, Cu2+, and Zn2+ were 1.96, 0.20, 1.46, and 0.34 μg/L. The order of toxicity is Cd2+ > Zn2+ > Cu2+ > Ag+ based on the percentage of reacted sperm at the second stage. Sperm cells exposed to heavy metals showed an increased rate of swelling, shape irregularities, and the acrosomal filament of some sperm cells was, crooked, ruptured, and even dissolved. The AR of the sperm cell from S. serrata is more sensitive to the tested heavy metals compared to sea urchin sperm cell toxicity tests. More... »

PAGES

96-104

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00244-009-9326-7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00244-009-9326-7

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037988757

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19399549


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