Desorption and Bioavailability of Spiked Pentabromo Diphenyl Ether and Tetrachlorodibenzo(p)dioxin in Contaminated Sediments View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2009-05

AUTHORS

Arto J. Sormunen, Matti T. Leppänen, Jussi V. K. Kukkonen

ABSTRACT

The relationship between desorption kinetics and bioavailability of sediment-associated 2,2',4,4,5' pentabromo diphenyl ether [(14)C] (BDE-99) and 2,3,7,8 tetrachlorodibenzo(p)dioxin [(3)H] (TCDD) was examined in the contaminated sediments. The desorption kinetics were measured in a sediment-water suspension using Tenax extraction, and bioaccumulation was examined by exposing Lumbriculus variegatus (Oligochaeta) to BDE-99 and TCDD spiked sediment in a 14-day kinetic study. Both chemicals had a high affinity to the finest particle size fraction (<20 microm) and the large, very slowly desorbing fraction (58-75%). The biota-sediment accumulation factors ranged between 1.9 and 4.4 for BDE-99 and between 1.4 and 2.8 for TCDD. The chemical outflux from the rapidly desorbing fraction and influx into organisms shows the connection between desorption and bioavailability. Despite this, normalization to the rapidly desorbing fraction was unable to reduce differences in bioavailability estimates between the chemicals. Thus, it is evident that chemical extraction in the mixed system (Tenax tubes) does not fully describe the bioavailable fraction that worms face in stagnant sediments in a similar way for all chemicals. However, when all desorbing domains were included in the calculation, the difference between the chemicals disappears. Desorbing fractions were also able to reduce variability in the biota-sediment accumulation factors between the tested sediments when organic carbon-based sediment chemical concentrations were modified by the desorbing fractions. More... »

PAGES

670-679

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00244-008-9222-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00244-008-9222-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003392435

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18779939


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