Bioaccumulation of PCBs in Burbot (Lota lota L.) After Delivery in Natural Food View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2005-08

AUTHORS

J.-P J Pääkkönen, A.-L Rantalainen, A Karels, A Nikkilä, J Karjalainen

ABSTRACT

Burbot (Lota lota) caught from Lake Päijänne, Central Finland, were exposed under laboratory conditions to four polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners delivered through diet, and accumulation of congeners to muscle, intestine, gonads, and liver were determined. The selected PCB congeners (PCB18, PCB44, PCB137, and PCB169) were added to intact dead vendace (Coregonus albula) and burbot were fed 5 or 10 contaminated meals (2- and 4-week experiment, respectively). Concentrations of fed congeners were different in the examined tissues. The highest concentrations of all the congeners were found in the livers of burbot. The mean retention efficiencies were 65.0% and 81.7% after 5 and 10 oral doses, respectively. The retention efficiency of the coplanar 169 was lower than those of the other fed congeners. The background organochlorine concentrations of the burbot of this study were compared with the PCB concentrations of burbot caught in the 1970s from Lake Päijänne. These concentrations were compared in order to clarify the PCB load and persistence in a boreal aquatic food web. The total PCB concentration in burbot has not declined during the last decades. The most abundant PCB congeners in the field were PCB138 and PCB153. Residual concentrations of pesticides were also found, especially the DDE, which is a metabolite of DDT. More... »

PAGES

223-231

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1997-06. The internal barriers of rotation for the 209 polychlorinated biphenyls in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • 2001-04. Bioaccumulation of Selected PCBs in Zebrafish, Three-Spined Stickleback, and Arctic Char After Three Different Routes of Exposure in ARCHIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • 1995-06. Persistent DDT metabolite p,p'–DDE is a potent androgen receptor antagonist in NATURE
  • 1998-07. The Impact on Reproduction of an Orally Administered Mixture of Selected PCBs in Zebrafish (Danio rerio) in ARCHIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • 2001-01. Trends of organochlorine compounds in Finnish inland waters in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • 1981-09. Testicular abnormalities in cod (Gadus morhua) fed Aroclor 1254 in ARCHIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00244-004-0077-1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00244-004-0077-1

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16001148


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    42 schema:description Burbot (Lota lota) caught from Lake Päijänne, Central Finland, were exposed under laboratory conditions to four polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners delivered through diet, and accumulation of congeners to muscle, intestine, gonads, and liver were determined. The selected PCB congeners (PCB18, PCB44, PCB137, and PCB169) were added to intact dead vendace (Coregonus albula) and burbot were fed 5 or 10 contaminated meals (2- and 4-week experiment, respectively). Concentrations of fed congeners were different in the examined tissues. The highest concentrations of all the congeners were found in the livers of burbot. The mean retention efficiencies were 65.0% and 81.7% after 5 and 10 oral doses, respectively. The retention efficiency of the coplanar 169 was lower than those of the other fed congeners. The background organochlorine concentrations of the burbot of this study were compared with the PCB concentrations of burbot caught in the 1970s from Lake Päijänne. These concentrations were compared in order to clarify the PCB load and persistence in a boreal aquatic food web. The total PCB concentration in burbot has not declined during the last decades. The most abundant PCB congeners in the field were PCB138 and PCB153. Residual concentrations of pesticides were also found, especially the DDE, which is a metabolite of DDT.
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