Heat transfer and two-phase flow characteristics of refrigerants flowing under varied heat flux in a double-pipe evaporator View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2004-06

AUTHORS

Wisis Sripattrapan, Tawatchai Wongchang, Somchai Wongwises

ABSTRACT

A mathematical model based on the annular flow pattern is developed to simulate the evaporation of refrigerants flowing under varied heat flux in a double tube evaporator. The finite difference form of governing equations of this present model is derived from the conservation of mass, energy and momentum. The experimental set-up is designed and constructed to provide the experimental data for verifying the simulation results. The test section is a 2.5 m long counterflow double tube heat exchanger with a refrigerant flowing in the inner tube and heating water flowing in the annulus. The inner tube is made from smooth horizontal copper tubing of 9.53 mm outer diameter and 7.1 mm inner diameter. The agreement of the model with the experimental data is satisfactory. The present model can be used to investigate the axial distributions of the temperature, heat transfer coefficient and pressure drop of various refrigerants. Moreover, the evaporation rate or the other relevant parameters that is difficult to measure in the experiment are predicted and presented here. The results from the present mathematical model show that the saturation pressure and temperature of refrigerant decrease along the tube due to the tube wall friction and the flow acceleration of refrigerant. The liquid heat transfer coefficient increases with the axial length due to reducing the thickness of the liquid refrigerant film. Due to increase of the liquid heat transfer coefficient, increasing wall heat flux is obtained.Finally, the evaporation rate of refrigerant increases with increasing wall heat flux. More... »

PAGES

653-664

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00231-003-0444-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00231-003-0444-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007671753


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