Adaptive changes in the acute haemodynamic effects of cilazapril during chronic treatment Comparison with long-term clinical effect View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1996-07

AUTHORS

J. Larsen, R. Sykulski, G. Jensen, L. Dössegger, B. Trimarco, T. Moccetti, D. Glogar, A. Schelling, A. H. Bosma

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the adaptive changes in the acute haemodynamic response to ACE inhibition during chronic treatment in CHF. METHODS: The acute and chronic effects of oral cilazapril (CLZ) treatment, an ACE-inhibitor with prolonged duration on haemodynamic measures (PCWP, PAP, RAP, CI and SVR) and clinical parameters (Quality-of-Life and NYHA class) were investigated in a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial in CHF. One hundred and thirty five patients (112 completing) in NYHA Classes II-III, on digitalis and diuretic treatment, were randomised after 2 weeks of placebo run-in, to receive either placebo or CLZ 0.5 mg, 1.0 mg or 2.5 mg daily for 12 weeks, followed by 2 week placebo wash-out. Haemodynamic studies, including exercise tests before and 3 h after medication, were performed on the first and last days of treatment. Measurements were performed at rest and at the maximum exercise level. RESULTS: In ACEI-naive patients oral CLZ 0.5 and 1 mg/d caused a dose dependent decrease in PCWP and diastolic PAP, and a significant reduction of SVR mg. A slight increase in CI was observed in all groups. The maximum effect was observed 3-5 h post dose. After 12 weeks of oral treatment, the acute response was similar but was attenuated relative to the first dose. Exercise tolerance improved in a dose dependent manner. The NYHA classification remained unchanged or improved in the majority of patients. Entry into the 2.5 mg group had to be terminated at an early stage due to severe adverse events observed after the first dose. CONCLUSION: During chronic treatment, the haemodynamic response to oral cilazapril was attenuated, indicating that continued clinical improvement in patients with CHF on CLZ is independent of to its acute haemodynamic effects. More... »

PAGES

433-441

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s002280050137

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002280050137

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009911642

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8858268


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