Medication use in older patients and age-blind approach: narrative literature review (insufficient evidence on the efficacy and safety of drugs ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-04

AUTHORS

Daniela Fialová, Blanca Laffon, Valentina Marinković, Ljiljana Tasić, Peter Doro, Gyӧngyver Sόos, Jorge Mota, Soner Dogan, Jovana Brkić, João Paulo Teixeira, Vanessa Valdiglesias, Solange Costa, for the EUROAGEISM H2020 project and WG1b group “Healthy clinical strategies for healthy aging” of the EU COST Action IS 1402

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The importance of rational drug therapy is increasing with the aging of the population. Since one of the main reasons for inappropriate drug prescribing is also the "age-blind" approach, which results in ageist practices, this narrative literature review focuses on the description of the main barriers related to insufficient individualization of drug regimens associated with such age-blind approaches. METHODOLOGY: A narrative literature review using the PubMed, WoS, Embase, and Scopus databases was conducted by the EU COST Action IS1402. Experts in different scientific fields from six countries (the Czech Republic, Spain, Portugal, Hungary, Serbia, and Turkey) worked in four specific areas: (1) underrepresentation of older adults in clinical trials and clinical and ethical consequences; (2) insufficient consideration of age-related changes and geriatric frailty in the evaluation of the therapeutic value of drugs; (3) frequent prescribing of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs); and (4) frequent underuse of highly beneficial nonpharmacological strategies (e.g., exercise). RESULTS: Older patients are underrepresented in clinical trials. Therefore, rigorous observational geriatric research is needed in order to obtain evidence on the real efficacy and safety of frequently used drugs, and e.g. developed geriatric scales and frailty indexes for claims databases should help to stimulate such research. The use of PIMs, unfortunately, is still highly prevalent in Europe: 22.6% in community-dwelling older patients and 49.0% in institutionalized older adults. Specific tests to detect the majority of age-related pharmacological changes are usually not available in everyday clinical practice, which limits the estimation of drug risks and possibilities to individualize drug therapy in geriatric patients before drug prescription. Moreover, the role of some nonpharmacological strategies is highly underestimated in older adults in contrast to frequent use of polypharmacy. Among nonpharmacological strategies, particularly physical exercise was highly effective in reducing functional decline, frailty, and the risk of falls in the majority of clinical studies. CONCLUSION: Several regulatory and clinical barriers contribute to insufficient knowledge on the therapeutic value of drugs in older patients, age-blind approach, and inappropriate prescribing. New clinical and observational research is needed, including data on comprehensive geriatric assessment and frailty, to document the real efficacy and safety of frequently used medications. More... »

PAGES

451-466

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00228-018-2603-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00228-018-2603-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111099575

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30610276


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