Adverse cardiac events associated with incident opioid drug use among older adults with COPD View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-10

AUTHORS

Nicholas T. Vozoris, Xuesong Wang, Peter C. Austin, Douglas S. Lee, Anne L. Stephenson, Denis E. O’Donnell, Sudeep S. Gill, Paula A. Rochon

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We evaluated whether incident opioid drug use was associated with adverse cardiac events among older adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: This was an exploratory, retrospective cohort study using health administrative data from Ontario, Canada, from 2008 to 2013. Using a validated algorithm, we identified adults aged 66 years and older with non-palliative COPD. Hazard ratios (HR) were estimated for adverse cardiac events within 30 days of incident opioid receipt compared to controls using inverse probability of treatment weighting using the propensity score. RESULTS: There were 134,408 community-dwelling individuals and 14,685 long-term care residents with COPD identified, 67.0 and 60.6% of whom received an incident opioid. Incident use of any opioid was associated with significantly decreased rates of emergency room (ER) visits and hospitalizations for congestive heart failure (CHF) among community-dwelling older adults (HR 0.84; 95% CI 0.73-0.97), but significantly increased rates of ischemic heart disease (IHD)-related mortality among long-term care residents (HR 2.15; 95% CI 1.50-3.09). In the community-dwelling group, users of more potent opioid-only agents without aspirin or acetaminophen combined had significantly increased rates of ER visits and hospitalizations for IHD (HR 1.38; 95% CI 1.08-1.77) and IHD-related mortality (HR 1.83; 95% CI 1.32-2.53). CONCLUSIONS: New opioid use was associated with elevated rates of IHD-related morbidity and mortality among older adults with COPD. Adverse cardiac events may need to be considered when administering new opioids to older adults with COPD, but further studies are required to establish if the observed associations are causal or related to residual confounding. More... »

PAGES

1287-1295

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00228-017-2278-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00228-017-2278-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090299692

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28664359


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00228-017-2278-3'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

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Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00228-017-2278-3'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00228-017-2278-3'


 

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