Coral recruitment is impacted by the presence of a sponge community View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-04

AUTHORS

Marilyn E. Brandt, Lauren K. Olinger, Andia Chaves-Fonnegra, Julie B. Olson, Deborah J. Gochfeld

ABSTRACT

As coral cover has declined on Caribbean reefs, space has become occupied by other benthic taxa, including sponges, which may affect the recruitment of new corals, thereby affecting the ability of reefs to recover to coral-dominated states. Sponges may inhibit coral recruitment by pre-empting potential recruitment space, overgrowing recruits, or through allelopathy. This study examined coral recruitment across six coral reef sites surrounding St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands, and the impact of one species of sponge and the sponge community as a whole on coral recruitment. To test the effect of a single species of sponge on coral recruitment, fragments of living or non-living Aplysina cauliformis were attached to terracotta recruitment tiles and deployed at all six sites, along with unoccupied tiles as controls. At two of the sites, a community-level experiment consisted of deploying recruitment tiles in 1 m2 plots that were either cleared of the entire sponge community or control plots where no sponges were removed. Recruitment rates showed a consistent difference among sites over multiple years and experiments. Results of the species-specific experiment showed that the proximity of live or dead A. cauliformis did not affect coral recruitment. However, results of the community-level experiment found greater coral recruitment rates in plots cleared of sponges, suggesting that the presence of the sponge community negatively affected coral recruitment. This study is one of the first to experimentally test and find a significant impact of sponges on coral recruitment, and highlights the need for additional research in this area. More... »

PAGES

49

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00227-019-3493-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00227-019-3493-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112767034


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287 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.251313.7 schema:alternateName University of Mississippi
288 schema:name Department of BioMolecular Sciences, University of Mississippi, P.O. Box 1848, 38677, University, MS, USA
289 National Center for Natural Products Research, University of Mississippi, P.O. Box 1848, 38677, University, MS, USA
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291 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.255951.f schema:alternateName Florida Atlantic University
292 schema:name Center for Marine and Environmental Studies, University of the Virgin Islands, 2 John Brewers Bay, 00802, St. Thomas, VI, USA
293 Department of BioMolecular Sciences, University of Mississippi, P.O. Box 1848, 38677, University, MS, USA
294 Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute/Harriet L. Wilkes Honors College, Florida Atlantic University, 5600 N US Highway 1, 34946, Fort Pierce, FL, USA
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296 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.267634.2 schema:alternateName University of the Virgin Islands
297 schema:name Center for Marine and Environmental Studies, University of the Virgin Islands, 2 John Brewers Bay, 00802, St. Thomas, VI, USA
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299 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411015.0 schema:alternateName University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa
300 schema:name Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alabama, 35487, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA
301 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




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