Mass mortality and slow recovery of Diadema antillarum: Could compromised immunity be a factor? View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2014-05

AUTHORS

Gregory Beck, Robert Miller, John Ebersole

ABSTRACT

Long-spined sea urchins (Diademaantillarum-a) began dying in January 1983 and over the next year virtually disappeared from the Caribbean. Decades later, Diadema densities remain low, with only very limited recovery in some areas. Ecological extinction of Diadema is a factor in the transformation of coral to barren algae-covered rock that has occurred in the Caribbean during the past 25 years. Working with sea urchins collected from St. Croix, United States Virgin Islands, we asked whether the immune system of Diadema differs from those of other common Caribbean urchins that did not experience the die-off. Using isolated coelomocytes, we tested humoral responses of the urchins with classic stimulators in numerous humoral immune assays. All coelomocytes responded to stimulators—with one notable and statistically significant exception—D. antillarum did not respond to lipopolysaccharide. Our results indicate that Diadema may have a weakness in its humoral defense response that is independent of local stressors and may help explain why Caribbean Diadema was vulnerable to the 1983 epidemic and has shown slow and limited recovery since then. More... »

PAGES

1001-1013

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00227-013-2382-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00227-013-2382-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044431810


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