Symbiont specificity and bleaching susceptibility among soft corals in the 1998 Great Barrier Reef mass coral bleaching event View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2008-04-15

AUTHORS

Tamar L. Goulet, Todd C. LaJeunesse, Katharina E. Fabricius

ABSTRACT

Considerable variability in bleaching was observed within and among soft coral taxa in the order Alcyonacea (Octocorallia: Cnidaria) on the central Great Barrier Reef (GBR, latitude 18.2°–19.0°S, longitude 146.4°–147.3°E) during the 1998 mass coral bleaching event. In April 1998, during a period of high sea surface temperatures, tissue samples were taken from bleached and unbleached colonies representative of 17 soft coral genera. The genetic identities of intracellular dinoflagellates (Symbiodinium spp.) in these samples were analyzed using PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis fingerprinting analysis of the internal transcribed spacer regions 1 and 2. Alcyonaceans from the GBR exhibited a high level of symbiont specificity for Symbiodinium types mostly in clade C. A rare clade D type (D3) was associated only with Clavularia koellikeri, while Nephthea sp. hosted symbionts in clade B (B1n and B36). Homogenous Symbiodinium clade populations were detected in all but one colony. Colonies that appeared bleached possessed symbiont types that were genetically indistinguishable from those in nonbleached conspecifics. These data suggest that parameters other than the resident endosymbionts such as host identity and colony acclimatization are important in determining bleaching susceptibility among soft corals. More... »

PAGES

795-804

References to SciGraph publications

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00227-008-0972-5

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00227-008-0972-5

    DIMENSIONS

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    59 clade B
    60 clade C.
    61 clade D type
    62 clade populations
    63 colonies
    64 colonies representative
    65 colony acclimatization
    66 considerable variability
    67 conspecifics
    68 coral bleaching events
    69 coral genera
    70 coral taxa
    71 corals
    72 data
    73 dinoflagellates
    74 electrophoresis
    75 endosymbionts
    76 events
    77 gel electrophoresis
    78 genetic identity
    79 genus
    80 gradient gel electrophoresis
    81 high levels
    82 high sea surface temperatures
    83 host identity
    84 identity
    85 intracellular dinoflagellates
    86 koellikeri
    87 levels
    88 mass coral bleaching events
    89 order Alcyonacea
    90 parameters
    91 period
    92 population
    93 rare clade D type
    94 reefs
    95 region 1
    96 representatives
    97 resident endosymbionts
    98 samples
    99 sea surface temperature
    100 soft coral genera
    101 soft coral taxa
    102 soft corals
    103 sp
    104 spacer region 1
    105 specificity
    106 surface temperature
    107 susceptibility
    108 symbiont specificity
    109 symbiont types
    110 symbionts
    111 taxa
    112 temperature
    113 tissue samples
    114 types
    115 unbleached colonies representative
    116 variability
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