Mechanical properties of Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergii Parl.) planted on coastal sand dunes: resistance to uprooting and stem breakage ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-03

AUTHORS

Kazuki Nanko, Satoru Suzuki, Hironori Noguchi, Yoji Ishida, Delphis F. Levia, Akira Ogura, Hiroaki Hagino, Hiroshi Matsumoto, Hiromi Takimoto, Tomoki Sakamoto

ABSTRACT

Given that Japanese black pine trees (Pinus thunbergii Parl.) are predominant in the coastal forests of Japan and are part of the defence structure against tsunamis, the quantification of their resistance to tree damage is necessary. The resistance of Japanese black pine to uprooting and stem breakage and its bending properties were estimated by a tree-pulling test and bending test of green logs in conjunction with the published literature. A general equation to estimate the critical turning moment for uprooting was developed using diameter at breast height and tree height as predictor variables. For moduli of elasticity and rupture of stems (MOE and MOR), medians [5th and 95th percentile values] were 5.41 [3.78, 6.82] GPa and 35.0 [28.7, 41.8] MPa, respectively. With the obtained critical turning moment and MOR, the critical tsunami water depth was estimated by numerical simulations using modelled trees. The numerical simulations revealed that Japanese black pine trees on coastal sand dunes tended to be more vulnerable to uprooting than stem breakage, with taller and more slender trees showing less resistance to stem breakage. The results on the mechanical properties of Japanese black pine are of use to those in the wood science community as well as coastal managers who need to know the mechanical strength of Japanese black pine to help evaluate their resistance against tsunamis. More... »

PAGES

469-489

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2013-03. Temperature as a potent driver of regional forest drought stress and tree mortality in NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE
  • 2004-07. Root anchorage of inner and edge trees in stands of Maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.) growing in different podzolic soil conditions in TREES
  • 2013-02. Strength properties and effect of moisture content on the bending and compressive strength parallel to the grain of sugi (Cryptomeria japonica) round timber in JOURNAL OF WOOD SCIENCE
  • 2007-07. The Indian Ocean tsunami of December 26, 2004: observations in Sri Lanka and Thailand in NATURAL HAZARDS
  • 2000-08. The effect of temperature on mechanical properties of standing lodgepole pine trees in TREES
  • 1986-09. Herbivory and the cycling of nitrogen and phosphorus in isolated California oak trees in OECOLOGIA
  • 2003-10. Mitigation Lessons from the July 17, 1998 Papua New Guinea Tsunami in PURE AND APPLIED GEOPHYSICS
  • 2013-01. Breaking pattern and critical breaking condition of Japanese pine trees on coastal sand dunes in huge tsunami caused by Great East Japan Earthquake in NATURAL HAZARDS
  • 2016-07. Wood quality in complex forests versus even-aged monocultures: review and perspectives in WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2016-10. Wind damage risk estimation for strip cutting under current and future wind conditions based on moment observations in a coastal forest in Japan in JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH
  • 2010-12. Relating mechanical strength at the stem level to values obtained from defect-free wood samples in TREES
  • 2012-01. Root anchorage of hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtuse (Sieb. Et Zucc.) Endl.) under the combined loading of wind and rapidly supplied water on soil: analyses based on tree-pulling experiments in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00226-019-01078-z

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00226-019-01078-z

    DIMENSIONS

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