Evaluation strategy of softwood drying stresses during conventional drying: a “mechano-sorptive creep gradient” concept View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2017-07-03

AUTHORS

Jian-feng Zhan, Stavros Avramidis

ABSTRACT

The detection and analysis of drying-induced stresses in wood are of fundamental importance for quality evaluation and grading of kiln-dried lumber, and thus, various such procedures have been developed commercially. In this paper, a softwood drying-induced stress evaluation concept was proposed that is based on the drying rheology and wood mechano-sorptive mechanism. The evaluation variables for the drying-induced stresses included moisture content gradient (MCG) and mechano-sorptive creep strain gradient (MSCG), both of which are calculated through the lumber thickness. The softwood species needle fir (Abies nephrolepis) was processed into flat-sawn lumber pieces of 40 mm × 120 mm in cross section and was further kiln-dried in conventional laboratory dryers. Width deformation changes along the thickness of lumbers were measured by a slicing method. Shrinkage and elastic and viscoelastic creep strains in the tangential direction were measured quantitatively. Based on the dynamic free shrinkage functions for this softwood species, determined according to small specimen tests, the mechano-sorptive creep strain variables were calculated theoretically. By comparing the mechano-sorptive creep strain differentials between wood surface and its center section, a conspicuous corresponding trend could be revealed between this difference and those of the shrinkage strain differences. A combined variable set, which includes the moisture content differences and mechano-sorptive creep differences between the wood surface and its core section, was proposed based on this research test. The mechano-sorptive creep gradient concept was defined to formulate the drying stress and strain development during conventional drying. After some further mathematical approximations, these newly proposed variables were recommended to estimate the magnitude of drying stress during the mid- and final stages of softwood drying. The effectiveness of this theoretical inference was further verified according to the experimental results of the needle fir drying test. More... »

PAGES

1033-1049

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1998-11. Deformation properties of finnish spruce and pine wood in tangential and radial directions in association to high temperature drying in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WOOD AND WOOD PRODUCTS
  • 1992-03. Stress-strain state of wood at kiln drying in WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 1976-09. General laws of wood deformation and rheological propertions of hardwood in WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2016-08-23. A new assessment of internal stress within kiln-dried lumber using a restoring force technique on a half-split specimen in WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 1990-02. The mechanism and development of creep during drying of red oak in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WOOD AND WOOD PRODUCTS
  • 2006-10-26. A global rheological model of wood cantilever as applied to wood drying in WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2000-11-01. Deformation properties of Finnish spruce and pine wood in tangential and radial directions in association to high temperature drying¶Part IV. Modelling in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WOOD AND WOOD PRODUCTS
  • 2013-12-21. Wood as a natural smart material in WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2000-06. Deformation properties of Finnish spruce and pine wood in tangential and radial directions in association to high temperature drying. Part III. Experimental results under drying conditions (mechano-sorptive creep) in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WOOD AND WOOD PRODUCTS
  • 1999-10. Deformation properties of Finnish spruce and pine wood in tangential and radial directions in association to high temperature drying Part II. Experimental results under constant conditions (viscoelastic creep) in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WOOD AND WOOD PRODUCTS
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00226-017-0937-2

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00226-017-0937-2

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