Penetration of urea–formaldehyde resins with different formaldehyde/urea mole ratios into softwood tissues View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2014-09

AUTHORS

Arif Nuryawan, Byung-Dae Park, Adya P. Singh

ABSTRACT

In order to understand the impact of formaldehyde/urea (F/U) mole ratio on penetration characteristics of urea–formaldehyde (UF) resin into softwood tissues, a quantitative measurement of UF resin penetration into radiata pine (Pinus radiata) tissues from the bond-line was undertaken. Four different F/U mole ratios (1.6, 1.4, 1.2, and 1.0) of UF resins with different viscosities and two levels of hardener (NH4Cl) for two extreme F/U mole ratios (1.6 and 1.0) were studied. Firstly, field emission scanning electron microscope and confocal laser scanning microscopy were used to localize UF resins in the bond-line for the qualitative evaluation of resin penetration. Then light microscopy was employed to quantitatively measure the resin penetration and bond-line thickness. A decrease in the F/U mole ratio of UF resin that proportionately decreased the resin viscosity resulted in an increase in the average resin penetration and a decrease in the bond-line thickness. Higher hardener level provided a greater resin penetration with all F/U mole ratio UF resins. These results demonstrated that F/U mole ratio had an impact on the penetration and bond-line thickness of UF resins, owing to differences in the reactivity of resins, with higher F/U mole ratio resins being more reactive. More... »

PAGES

889-902

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2005-08. Characterization of urea–formaldehyde resin penetration into medium density fiberboard fibers in WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 1989-12. Adhesive/fibre interaction in medium density fibreboard in WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2001-06. SEM and UV-microscopic investigation of glue lines in Parallam® PSL in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WOOD AND WOOD PRODUCTS
  • 2011-02. Comparative analysis of a wood: adhesive bondline in WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00226-014-0649-9

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00226-014-0649-9

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