Dendrochronological investigation of wood extractives View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2010-05

AUTHORS

Samuli Helama, Matti Vartiainen, Taneli Kolström, Jouko Meriläinen

ABSTRACT

X-ray microdensitometry was applied to a set of Scots pinewood (i.e. low extractive content). Earlywood and latewood properties were determined as minimum and maximum densities of each tree ring and the potential influence of acetone-soluble extractives (i.e. non-structural and secondary constituents of wood) was estimated using tree-ring statistics. The occurrence of extractives in different portions of wood was determined using dendrochronological methods, by comparing the densities of unextracted and extracted wood. It was not only found that unextracted samples exhibited inflated earlywood and latewood density values, but the growth trends were also altered. Extractives flattened the inter-annual growth variability, both in earlywood and latewood, and influenced the estimation of intra-annual radial growth variations. Characterizing the varying amount of extractives is of inter-disciplinary importance. The results in this study describe their occurrence and show that the radial variations in extractives could be highly detailed by simply using densitometry-based dendrochronology. More... »

PAGES

335-351

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2002-05. Genetic and environmental signals in tree rings from different provenances of Pinus sylvestris L. planted in the southern taiga, central Siberia in TREES
  • 1988. Tree Rings, Basics and Applications of Dendrochronology in NONE
  • 1990. Methods of Dendrochronology, Applications in the Environmental Sciences in NONE
  • 2008-11. X-ray microdensitometry applied to subfossil tree-rings: growth characteristics of ancient pines from the southern boreal forest zone in Finland at intra-annual to centennial time-scales in VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY
  • 1984-03. July–August temperature at Edinburgh between 1721 and 1975 from tree-ring density and width data in NATURE
  • 1992-04. Fennoscandian summers from ad 500: temperature changes on short and long timescales in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 1991-03. Aging and fossilization of wood and its components in WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2003-05. Chemical factors affecting the brown-rot decay resistance of Scots pine heartwood in TREES
  • 1983-06. A wood densitometer using direct scanning with X-rays in WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 1995-07. Unusual twentieth-century summer warmth in a 1,000-year temperature record from Siberia in NATURE
  • 1999-09. Seasonal changes of pinosylvin distribution in the sapwood/heartwood boundary of Pinus sylvestris in TREES
  • 2001-10. Batch measurements of wood density on intact or prepared drill cores using x-ray microdensitometry in WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 1971. Héritabilité de la densité du bois de Sapin pectiné in ANNALES DES SCIENCES FORESTIÈRES
  • 1999. The Formation of Heartwood and Its Extractives in PHYTOCHEMICALS IN HUMAN HEALTH PROTECTION, NUTRITION, AND PLANT DEFENSE
  • 1971-12. Distribution, properties and formation of some wood extractives in WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2004-05. The concentration of phenolics in brown-rot decay resistant and susceptible Scots pine heartwood in WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2007-01. Climatic significance of tree-ring width and intra-annual density fluctuations in Pinus pinea from a dry Mediterranean area in Portugal in ANNALS OF FOREST SCIENCE
  • 1990-08. A 1,400-year tree-ring record of summer temperatures in Fennoscandia in NATURE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00226-009-0293-y

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00226-009-0293-y

    DIMENSIONS

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